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Sceloporus ornatus BAIRD, 1859

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus ornatus - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Ornate Spiny Lizard
S: Espinosa Ornamentada 
SynonymSceloporus ornatus BAIRD 1859
Sceloporus ornatus — BOULENGER 1885: 224
Sceloporus ornatus ornatus — SMITH 1936
Sceloporus ornatus ornatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 127
Sceloporus ornatus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus ornatus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus ornatus — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2016 
DistributionUSA (Texas), Mexico (Nuevo Léon, SE Coahuila).

Type locality: Patos, Coahuila. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 2845 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus ornatus oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941 has been elevated to full species. Sceloporus ornatus caeruleus SMITH 1936 has been elevated to full species status by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007.

Synonymy: Sceloporus nelsoni coeruleus TANNER & ROBINSON 1959 is a junior homonym of Sceloporus ornatus caeruleus Smith (1937d), and hence an unavailable senior synonym of Sceloporus nelsoni barrancarum TANNER & ROBINSON. 
EtymologyThe Latin noun ornatus, "decoration" or "ornament," refers to the ornate coloration.

Etymology (caeruleus): The Latin adjective caeruleus means "sky- blue," and refers to the dorsal background color and the solid blue ventral color.

Etymology (oberon): This is a Latinized noun from Old High German oberon, "king of the fairies", applied in reference to the black dorsal color of the subspecies - a color shared with the fabulous king. 
References
  • Baird,S.F. 1859. Description of new genera and species of North American lizards in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 10: 253-256 [1858] - get paper here
  • Banda-Leal, Javier, David Lazcano, Manuel Nevárez-De Los Reyes, Carlos Solis-Rojas and Rodolfo Antonio Rojas-Malacara. 2015. Sceloporus oberon (royal lesser minor lizard) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 438
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Cruz A 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. ZooKeys 594: 123-141, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.594.8289 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Martínez-Méndez, N. & Méndez-De la Cruz, F.R. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the Sceloporus torquatus species-group (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Zootaxa 1609: 53-68 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. 1936. Two new subspecies of Mexican lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Copeia 1936 (4): 223-230 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Treviño-Saldana, C. H. 1988. A new montane lizard (Sceloporus jarrovi cyaneus) from Nuevo León, Mexico. Revista de Biologia Tropical 36: 407-411 - get paper here
  • Wiens, J.J. & Penkrot, T.A. 2002. Delimiting species using DNA and morphological variation and discordant species limits in Spiny Lizards (Sceloporus). Systematic Biology 51 (1): 69-91 - get paper here
 
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