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Sceloporus poinsettii BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus poinsettii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus poinsettii poinsettii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus poinsettii amydrus WEBB 2006
Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli WEBB 2006
Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1958
Sceloporus poinsettii polylepis SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1958 
Common NamesE: Crevice Spiny Lizard
S: Lagartija de las Grietas
poinsettii: Northern Crevice Spiny Lizard
macrolepis: Western Crevice Lizard
polylepis: Southern Crevice Lizard
G: Stachelleguan 
SynonymSceloporus poinsettii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Sceloporus poinsettii — SMITH 1939: 223
Sceloporus poinsettii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 125
Sceloporus poinsettii — STEBBINS 1985: 127
Sceloporus poinsettii poinsettii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 104
Sceloporus poinsettii — LINER 1994
Sceloporus poinsettii — WIENS et a. 2010
Sceloporus poinsettii poinsettii — CROTHER et al. 2012

Sceloporus poinsettii amydrus WEBB 2006
Sceloporus poinsettii amydrus WEBB 2006
Sceloporus poinsettii amydrus — WEBB 2008

Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli WEBB 2006
Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli WEBB 2006
Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli — WEBB 2008
Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1958
Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1958
Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis — WEBB 1984
Sceloporus poinsettii robisoni TANNER 1987 (fide LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2002)
Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2004
Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis — WEBB 2008

Sceloporus poinsettii polylepis SMITH & CHRAPLIWY 1958
Sceloporus poinsettii polylepis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus poinsettii polylepis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Sceloporus poinsettii polylepis — WEBB 2008 
DistributionUSA (S New Mexico, W/C Texas),
Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas)

axtelli: New Mexico and Texas.

poinsetti: USA (west of the Rio Grande in New Mexico, Texas (according to WEBB 2006), Mexico (Coahuila); Type locality: Rio San Pedro of the Rio Grande del Norte, and the province of Sonora. Restricted to “either the southern part of the Big Burrow Mountains or the vicinity of Santa Rita, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA” (WEBB 1988)

macrolepis: Mexico (Durango); Type locality: El Salto, Durango, Mexico.

polylepis: Type locality: 18 mi. N Escalon, Chihuahua, Mexico.

robisoni: Type locality: Cuiteco, Chihuahua, Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionvivparous. 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 2948 and 2952 (lectotype, designated by Webb 1988)
Holotype: UIMNH 35455, collected in 1952-3 by Barden and I. L. Firschein; paratypes: KU [macrolepis]
Holotype: UIMNH 21464, collected 25 June 1934 by David Dunkle and Hobart M. Smith [polylepis]
Holotype: BYU 14287, collected 19 July 1958 by W. W. Tanner and W. G. Robison [robisoni]. 
CommentOLSON 1998 synonymizes Sceloporus mucronatus with Sceloporus poinsettii.

Similar species: S. torquatus (see SMITH et al. 2000). 
EtymologyEtymology (macrolepis): The Greek makros, "long," (but often mistakenly, as here, used to mean "large") and lepis, "scale," pertain to the relatively large dorsal scales in this subspecies, compared with other members of the species.

Etymology (poinsettii): This Latin genitive singular honors the Hon. Joel Roberts Poinsett, who promoted science and the useful arts while Secretary of War of the United States, 1837-1841, and for whom the plant genus Poinsettia was named.

Etymology (polylepis): The Greek polys, "many," and lepis, "scale," refer to the smaller and more numerous dorsal scales in this subspecies than in the nominotypical subspecies.

Etymology (robisoni): This Latin genitive singular honors W. G. Robison, who worked with W. W. Tanner, and earned a Ph. D. at the University of California at Berkeley. 
References
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1939. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE BLACK GAP WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA, BREWSTER COUNTY, TEXAS. Southwestern Naturalist 4 (2): 88-109
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, part 2. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 125-129 - get paper here
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  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
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  • Wiens, John J.; Caitlin A. Kuczynski, Saad Arif & Tod W. Reeder 2010. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF PHRYNOSOMATID LIZARDS BASED ON NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DATA, AND A REVISED PHYLOGENY FOR SCELOPORUS. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 150-161 - get paper here
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