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Sceloporus serrifer COPE, 1866

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus serrifer - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesSceloporus serrifer prezygus SMITH 1942
Sceloporus serrifer serrifer COPE 1866 
Common NamesE: Rough-scaled Lizard, Yucatecan Rough-scaled Lizard
S: Escamosa del Ocote
prezygus: Chiapan Rough-scaled Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus serrifer COPE 1866
Sceloporus serrifer — BOULENGER 1885: 221
Sceloporus torquatus serrifer — STUART 1935: 45
Sceloporus torquatus serrifer — GAIGE 1936
Sceloporus serrifer — SMITH 1939: 212
Sceloporus prezygus SMITH 1942
Sceloporus prezygus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 109
Sceloporus serrifer serrifer — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 124
Sceloporus serrifer serrifer — STUART 1963
Sceloporus serrifer — LINER 1994
Sceloporus serrifer — KÖHLER 2000: 85
Sceloporus serrifer — WIENS et a. 2010
Sceloporus serrifer — FLORES-VILLELA et al. 2022

Sceloporus serrifer prezygus SMITH 1942
Sceloporus prezygus SMITH 1942: 354
Sceloporus serrifer prezygus — AXTELL 1960
Sceloporus prezygus — STUART 1963
Sceloporus prezygus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus prezygus — MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2007
Sceloporus prezygous — JOHNSON et al. 2015 (in error)
Sceloporus serrifer prezygus — MARTINEZ-MENDEZ et al. 2012
Sceloporus prezygus — PÉREZ-RAMOS 2020 
DistributionUSA (Texas), Mexico (Tamaulipas, Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Nuevo Leon, E San Luis Potosi, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Veracruz),
Guatemala, Belize

serrifer: Yucatán only. Type locality: Yucatán. Restricted to Mérida by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950

prezygus: SW Guatemala, Mexico (Chiapas). Type Locality: Conjob (Conjab in original description, Axtell, 1960), between San Bartolomé and Comitán, 5300 ft. elevation (16°19'N, 92°18'W), Chiapas, Mexico.  
Reproductionviviparous (ovoviviparous) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 34868
Holotype: USNM 46861 (given incorrectly as “46881” in original description, fide Cochran, 1961), collected by E. W. Nelson and E. A. Goldman, 2 May 1894 [prezygus]
Holotype: FMNH 32004, collected by E. H. Taylor, no date [plioporus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Smith 1939: 212 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus serrifer cyanogenys COPE 1885 has been elevated to full species status. Sceloporus serrifer plioporus SMITH 1939: 212 has been synonymized with S. cyanogenys by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007.

Distribution: The Cuchumatanes Mountains populations currently recognized as S. s. prezygus should be synonymized into S. serrifer (Martínez-Méndez et al. 2012). Not in Nuevo León fide Nevárez-de los Reyes et al. 2016. Not in Querétaro fide Tepos-Ramírez et al. 2023.

Hybridization: Sceloporus serrifer serrifer intergrades with plioporus around Balchacaj, Campeche according to SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Synonymy modified after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. C. serrifer and S. (s.) cyanogenys intergrade (OLSON 1987). In areas where the species are sympatric, such as the northern Yucatan Peninsula, S. serrifer is terrestrial and S. lundelli strictly arboreal. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin serra, "saw," and fero, "to bear," refer to the strongly mucronate, "saw-toothed," dorsal and lateral scales, and to those between the nuchal pocket and a point below lower edge of auditory meatus.

prezygus: The Latin pre-, "going before," and Latinized form of Greek zygos, "yoked," refer to the phylogenetic position of the species, thought to have been near the ancestral origin of the poinsettii group. 
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