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Sceloporus smaragdinus BOCOURT, 1873

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus smaragdinus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Bocourt’s Emerald Lizard
S: Espinosa Esmeralda 
SynonymSceloporus smaragdinus BOCOURT 1873: 186
Sceloporus schmidti JONES 1927: 4
Sceloporus squamosus smaragdinus — SMITH 1939: 41
Sceloporus malachiticus - STUART 1963
Sceloporus smaragdinus — KÖHLER 2000: 85
Sceloporus smaragdinus — WIENS et a. 2010
Sceloporus schmidti — MCCRANIE 2015: 369 
DistributionSE Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala

Type locality: The vicinity of Sololá, Totonicapan, and Quetzaltenango, 2000 m elevation

schmidti: Type locality: Mountain camp west of San Pedro, Honduras, 4500 ft. (elevation). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 3148, MNHN 3148A, MNHN 3148B, MNHN 3148C, MNHN 3148D, MNHN 3148E, MNHN 3150, MNHN 3150A, MNHN 3150B, MNHN 3150C, MNHN 3177, MNHN 3177A (12 specimens), USNM 11000.

Holotype: FMNH 5214, collected 5 May 1923 by Karl P. Schmidt; lost fide Smith 1939 (schmidti) 
CommentSynonymy: “Sceloporus schmidti (long considered a junior synonym of S. smaragdinus Bocourt 1873 [p. 1]) appears to represent a valid species for the extreme northwestern Honduran populations” fide MCCRANIE 2015: 369. 
EtymologyThe Latin smaragdinus, "emerald-green," aptly refers to the dorsal coloration.

Etymology (schmidti): This Latin genitive singular honors the late Karl Patterson Schmidt, who worked at the American Museum of Natural History 1917-1922, and at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, from 1922-1955. Author, editor, and bibliophile, he was known as the Dean of American herpetologists for many years. 
References
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1873. Notes sur quelques espèces nouvelles d'iguaniens du genre Sceloporus. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. (ser. 5) 17 (10): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Goyenechea Mayer-Goyenechea, Irene;Mendoza Quijano, Fernando 1993. Descripción del cariotipo de Sceloporus smaragdinus (Sauria: Phrynosomatidae). Bol. Soc. Herpetol. Mex. 5 (2): 62-64 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1971. Comments on the malachite Sceloporus (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) of Southern México and Guatemala. Herpetologica 27: 235-39. - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.; Caitlin A. Kuczynski, Saad Arif & Tod W. Reeder 2010. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF PHRYNOSOMATID LIZARDS BASED ON NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DATA, AND A REVISED PHYLOGENY FOR SCELOPORUS. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 150-161 - get paper here
 
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