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Sceloporus smithi HARTWEG & OLIVER, 1937

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus smithi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Smith's Rosebelly Lizard
S: Espinosa de Smith 
SynonymSceloporus variabilis smithi HARTWEG & OLIVER 1937
Sceloporus variabilis smithi — SMITH 1939: 278
Sceloporus variabilis smithi — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 131
Sceloporus smithi — SMITH 1993
Sceloporus smithi — LINER 1994
Sceloporus smithi — KÖHLER 2000: 85
Sceloporus smithi — WIENS et a. 2010
Sceloporus smithi — SOLIS-ZURITA et al. 2019 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas; E Oaxaca fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)

Type locality: Guengola Mountain, 6 km northwest if the city of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 81777 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A Sceloporus of moderate size (maximum snout-vent measurement 71 mm); scales from occiput to base of tail, 58 to 69, average, 63; ventral scales, 71 to 92, average, 79; scales around body, 71 to 91, average, 78; scutellation otherwise as in v. variabilis. Dorsal ground color chocolate to dark brown; a very broad, very well-defined dorsolateral light line on each side, originating at posterior margin of orbit, terminating on tail: sides of belly pink, blue-bordered, in males; belly usually similarly colored, but less distinctly, in females [after Smith 1937: 10].

Diagnosis: see also Smith 1939: 278 
EtymologyThis species honors Hobart M. Smith (1912-2013), a long-time student of Sceloporus, who pointed out the distinctness of this taxon to its describers. See also Chiszar et al. 2004 for biographical notes. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Calzada-Arciniega, Rafael Alejandro; Ernesto Recuero, Mirna Grisel Garcia-Castillo, Gabriela Parra-Olea 2017. New records and an updated list of Herpetofauna from Cerro Piedra Larga, an isolated mountain massif in Oaxaca, Mexico. Herpetology Notes 10: 651-658 - get paper here
  • CHISZAR, DAVID; EDWIN MCCONKEY, AND MARGARET M. STEWART 2004. Historical perspectives: Hobart Muir Smith. Copeia 2004 (2): 418–424 - get paper here
  • Hartweg, Norman & Oliver, James A. 1937. A contribution to the herpetology of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. I. The Scelopori of the Pacific Slope. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (356): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. & Heimes, P. 2002. Stachelleguane. Herpeton-Verlag (Offenbach), 174 pp.
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, M.; J.D. Johnson; A. Ramírez-Bautista; U. Hernández-Salinas 2012. Sceloporus smithi Hartweg and Oliver, 1937 (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae): Distributional range extension and a new elevation record from Oaxaca, México. Check List 8(4):731-732 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Peterson, A.T. et al. 2004. A preliminary biological survey of Cerro Piedra Larga, Oaxaca, Mexico: Birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and plants. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología 75(2): 439-466
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1937. A synopsis of the Variabilis group of the lizard genus Sceloporus, with descriptions of new subspecies. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich 358: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Pérez-Higareda, Gonzalo; Chiszar, David 1993. A review of the members of the Sceloporus variabilis lizard complex. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 29 (3): 85-125 - get paper here
  • Solis‐Zurita, C, De Luna, E, González, D. 2019. Phylogenetic relationships in the Sceloporus variabilis (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) complex based on three molecular markers, continuous characters and geometric morphometric data. Zoologica Scripta 48: 419– 439 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2017. Der große Treck – Teil 5. Don’t mess with Texas. Reptilia (Münster) 22 (128): 68-79 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.; Caitlin A. Kuczynski, Saad Arif & Tod W. Reeder 2010. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF PHRYNOSOMATID LIZARDS BASED ON NUCLEAR AND MITOCHONDRIAL DATA, AND A REVISED PHYLOGENY FOR SCELOPORUS. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 150-161 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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