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Sceloporus spinosus WIEGMANN, 1828

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus spinosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus spinosus apicalis SMITH & SMITH 1951
Sceloporus spinosus caeruleopunctatus SMITH 1938
Sceloporus spinosus spinosus WIEGMANN 1828 
Common NamesE; Eastern Spiny Lizard
S: Chintete Espinoso
E: Miahuatlán Spiny Lizard [apicalis]
S: Chintete Espinoso de Miahuatlán [apicalis]
E: Blue-spotted Spiny Lizard [caeruleopunctatus]
S: Chintete Espinosa de Puntos Azules [caeruleopunctatus] 
SynonymSceloporus spinosus WIEGMANN 1828
Tropidurus spinosus — WAGLER 1830
Tropidolepis spinosus — GRAY in GRIFFITH 1831
Tropidolepis spinosus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 304
Tropidolepis Spinosus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus spinosus — BOULENGER 1885: 226
Sceloporus spinosus spinosus — MARTIN DEL CAMPO 1937
Sceloporus spinosus spinosus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 116
Sceloporus spinosus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus spinosus spinosus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus spinosus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015

Sceloporus spinosus apicalis SMITH & SMITH 1951
Sceloporus apicalis — WIENS & REEDER 1997
Sceloporus spinosus apicalis — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus spinosus apicalis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Sceloporus spinosus caeruleopunctatus SMITH 1938
Sceloporus caeruleopunctatus — WIEN et al. 2013 (see supplement) 
DistributionMexico (from S Coahuila and Durango, Chihuahua, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, N Jalisco, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Veracruz, Michoacan, Morelos, Hidalgo, and Puebla on the Mexican plateau, Oaxaca, Nuevo Leon, Quéretaro)

apicalis: Mexico (Oaxaca). Type Locality: Ten miles S Miahuatlán, Oaxaca, Mexico.

caeruleopunctatus: highlands of Oaxaca. Type Locality: Slopes of Cerro de San Luis, about 15 mi N Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico.

Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Puebla, Puebla, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 638-639, Ferdinand Deppe collector
Holotype: UIMNH 8864, collected 6 July 1949 by W. Leslie Burger [apicalis]
Holotype: FMNH 32003 (EHT no. 8467), collected by H. M. Smith, 5 August 1935 [caeruleopunctatus]. 
CommentWiens and Reeder (1997) suggested that S. s. caeruleopunctatus may be of species rank. 
EtymologyThe Latin spinosus, "thorny", refers to the strongly spiny scales.

Etymology (apicalis): S. s. apicalis was named after the Latin apiculus, "little tip", was applied in reference to the occurrence of the subspecies at the southern apex of the state of Oaxaca.

Etymology (caeruleus): The Latin words caeruleus, "sky-blue," punctum, "spot," and -atus, "pertaining to," refer to the blue spots between the dorsolateral light lines. 
References
  • Adler, K. 1997. Illustrations of reptiles. Fauna 1 (1): 64-71
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J. 1970. Karotypes and evolution of the spinosus group of lizards in the genus Sceloporus. American Museum Novitates (2431): 1-47 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Domínguez-Godoy, M. A., R. Barrios-Montiel, A. Bautista, and A. H. Díaz de La Vega-Pérez. 2017. Crotalus ravus. Diet and accidental mortality involving a Sceloporus spinosus. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 426–428 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Gehlbach, Frederick R.;Collette, Bruce B. 1957. A contribution to the herpetofauna of the highlands of Oaxaca, Mexico. Herpetologica 13: 227-232 - get paper here
  • Hidalgo-Licona, Fernando, Raciel Cruz-Elizalde and Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista. 2016. Sceloporus spinosus Wiegmann, 1828. Diet. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 487-488 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • Martín del CAMPO, R. 1937. Contribuciones al conocimiento de los batracios y reptiles del valle de Mexquital, Hgo. Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Auton. México 8: 259-266
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W., Copp, J.F., & Breedlove, D.E. 1976. Notes on the herpetofauna of western Mexico: new records from Sinaloa and the Tres Marias Islands. Natur. Hist. Mus. of L.A. Co., Contrib. in Sci. (275): 1-17
  • Méndez-de la Cruz, Fausto R.; Maricela Villagrán-Santa Cruz, María Leticia López-Ortíz, and Oswaldo Hernández-Gallegos 2013. Reproductive Cycle of a High-Elevation, Oviparous Lizard (Sceloporus spinosus: Reptilia: Phrynosomatidae). Southwestern Naturalist Vol. 58, No. 1: 54-63. - get paper here
  • Quintero-Díaz, Gustavo E., Carolina Chávez-Floriano and Rubén A. Carbajal-Márquez. 2013. Sceloporus spinosus (eastern spiny lizard) avian predation. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 684
  • Ramírez-Bautista, Aurelio, Geoffrey R Smith, Adrian Leyte-Manrique, and Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2013. No Sexual Size-Dimorphism In the Eastern Spiny Lizard, Sceloporus spinosus, from Guadalcázar, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist Dec 2013, Vol. 58, No. 4: 505-508. - get paper here
  • Ramirez-Bautista, Aurelio; Barry P. Stephenson, Xóchitl Hernández-Ibarra, Uriel Hernández-Salinas, Raciel Cruz-Elizalde, Abraham Lozano, Geoffrey R. Smith 2012. Reproductive strategy of male and female eastern spiny lizards Sceloporus spinosus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from a region of the Chihuahuan Desert, México. Acta Herpetologica 7 (2): 239-252 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1938. Description of a new Mexican subspecies of Sceloporus spinosus Wiegmann (Lacertilia). Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (18): 469-473 [1936] - get paper here
  • Smith, P.W. & Smith, H.M. 1951. A new lizard (Sceloporus) from Oaxaca, Mexico. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 64: 101-103 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1828. Beyträge zur Amphibienkunde. Isis von Oken 21 (4): 364-383 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.; Kenneth H. Kozak, and Natalia Silva 2013. DIVERSITY AND NICHE EVOLUTION ALONG ARIDITY GRADIENTS IN NORTH AMERICAN LIZARDS (PHRYNOSOMATIDAE). Evolution, 67: 1715–1728. doi: 10.1111/evo.12053 - get paper here
  • Wiens, John J.;Reeder, Tod W. 1997. Phylogeny of the spiny lizards (Sceloporus) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Herpetological Monographs 11: 1-101 - get paper here
 
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