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Sceloporus sugillatus SMITH, 1942

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus sugillatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Zempoala Bar-bellied Lizard
G: Zempoala-Stachelleguan
S: Espinosa de Puntas Negro y Azul 
SynonymSceloporus jarrovii sugillatus SMITH 1942: 357
Sceloporus sugillatus – WIENS, REEDER & NIETO MONTES DE OCA 1999
Sceloporus sugillatus — WIENS & PENKROT 2002
Sceloporus jarrovii sugillatus — CASTRO-FRANCO & BUSTOS-ZAGAL 2003
Sceloporus sugillatus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus sugillatus — WIENS et al. 2013 
DistributionMexico (High elevations in Ajusco range, Morelos, Distrito Federal)

Type locality: Lake No. 4, Zempoala, Mexico. 10,000 feet elevation.  
Reproductionviviparous (ovoviviparous) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 112100, collected by H. M. Smith, 22 February 1939 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus jarrovii minor COPE 1885 has been transferred to S. torquatus (but is listed in LINER 1994 as such). WIENS et al. (1999) consider minor and several other subspecies of jarrovii as “evolutionary species”. Sceloporus jarrovii lineolateralis SMITH 1936 has been removed (again) from the synonymy of S. jarrovi. Sceloporus jarrovii oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941 has been moved to Sceloporus minor oberon SMITH & BROWN 1941. Sceloporus jarrovii cyaneus TREVIÑO-SALDAÑA 1988 and Sceloporus jarrovii immucronatus SMITH 1936 are now treated as subspecies of S. minor. Sceloporus jarrovii erythrocyaneus MERTENS 1950 has been transferred to S. minor erythrocyaneus. S. j. jarrovii lacks fixed diagnostic morphological characters (Wiens and Penkrot 2002). The characters early identified by Smith (1939) like diagnostic of S. j. jarrovii (e. g., the first canthal seldom forced above canthal ridge by contact of second canthal and subnasal, prefrontals in contact, color pattern etc.), exhibit some intraespecific variation even in other populations. Some authors have similarly reported that S. lineolat- eralis and S. j. jarrovii intergrade with each other based on morphological characters (Webb and Hensley 1959; Chrapliwy 1964; Wiens et al. 1999). The previous studies along with the molecular results by MARTINEZ-MENDEZ & MENDEZ-DE LA CRUZ 2007 indicate the conspecificity between S. lineolateralis and S. j. jarrovii. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin sugillatus, "black and blue spots or bruises," refers to the numerous, distinct, transverse black streaks on the sides of the abdomen. 
  • Baker, Rollin H.; Baker, Mary W.; Johnson, Jerry D.; Webb, Robert G. 1981. New records of mammals and reptiles from Northwestern Zacatecas, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 25(4):568-569 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1897. A revision of the lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 474-522 - get paper here
  • Brown, C. K. 1976. Local variation in scale characters of Sceloporus jarrovi (Sauria: Iguanidae) inhabiting the Pinaleno Mountains of Arizona. I. Frequency of head scute polymorphisms. Herpetologica 32 (2): 189-197 - get paper here
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Lowe, Charles H.;Wright, John W. 1967. Sex chromosomes in lizards. Science 155: 1028-1029 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr, William E. and Arián Avalos 2010. Escape Decisions by the Syntopic Congeners Sceloporus jarrovii and S. virgatus: Comparative Effects of Perch Height and of Predator Approach Speed, Persistence, and Direction of Turning. Journal of Herpetology 44 (3): 425–430 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
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  • Cope, E.D. 1875. In Yarrow, H.C., Report upon the collections of batrachians and reptiles made in portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the years 871, 1872, 1873, and 1874, Chapter IV, L, pp. 509-584, In: Report upon geograph Government Printing office, Washington D.C. - get paper here
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  • Gadsden, Héctor; José L. Estrada-Rodríguez, Diana A. Quezada-Rivera, and Sandra V. Leyva-Pacheco 2011. Diet of the Yarrow's Spiny Lizard Sceloporus jarrovii in the Central Chihuahuan Desert. Southwestern Naturalist 56 (1): 89-94 - get paper here
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  • Punzo, F.; Parker, L.G. 2006. Food-deprivation affects tongue extrusions as well as attractivity and proceptivity components of sexual behavior in the lizard, Sceloporus jarrovii. Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 377-383 - get paper here
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  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
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  • Wiens,J.J., Reeder,T.W. & Montes de Oca, A.N. 1999. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of sexual dichromatism among populations of the Yarrow’s Spiny Lizard (Sceloporus jarrovii). Evolution 53 (6): 1884-1897 - get paper here
  • Zimmermann, P. 2011. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im US-Bundesstaat Arizona. Elaphe 19 (4): 62-71
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