You are here » home advanced search Sceloporus undulatus

Sceloporus undulatus (BOSC & DAUDIN, 1801)

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus undulatus - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Sceloporus undulatus?

Add your own observation of
Sceloporus undulatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus undulatus edbelli SMITH, CHISZAR & LEMOS-ESPINAL 1995
Sceloporus undulatus elongatus STEJNEGER 1890: 111
Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus MASLIN 1956
Sceloporus undulatus garmani BOULENGER 1882
Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus (GREEN 1818)
Sceloporus undulatus speari SMITH, CHISZAR, LEMOS-ESPINAL 1995
Sceloporus undulatus tedbrowni SMITH, BELL, APPLEGARTH & CHISZAR 1992
Sceloporus undulatus undulatus (BOSC & DAUDIN 1801) 
Common NamesFence Lizard
belli: Bell's spiny lizard
elongatus: Northern Plateau Lizard
erythrocheilus: Red-lipped Plateau Lizard
garmani : Northern Prairie Lizard
hyacinthinus: Northern Fence Lizard
speari: Spear's Prairie Lizard
tedbrowni: Mescalero Prairie Lizard, Mescalero Dunes Fence Lizard
undulatus: Southern Fence Lizard, Eastern Fence Lizard 
SynonymStellio undulatus BOSC & DAUDIN in SONNINI & LATREILLE 1801: 40
Lacerta undulata BOSC 1801
Stellio undulatus LATREILLE 1801: 40 (fide LINER 1994)
Agama undulata DAUDIN 1802: 384 (fide DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837)
Tropidolepis Undulatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 298
Tropidolepis Undulatus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus floridanus BAIRD 1859: 254
Sceloporus undulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 227
Sceloporus spinosus floridanus — ALLEN 1932
Sceloporus undulatus undulatus — SMITH 1938
Sceloporus undulatus — STEBBINS 1985: 131
Sceloporus undulatus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 106
Sceloporus undulatus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus undulatus undulatus — BELL et al. 2003

Sceloporus undulatus edbelli SMITH, CHISZAR & LEMOS-ESPINAL 1995
Sceloporus undulatus belli SMITH, CHISZAR & LEMOS-ESPINAL 1995
Sceloporus belli — SMITH et al. 2002
Sceloporus edbelli — SMITH et al. 2003 (nom. nov.)
Sceloporus edbelli — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus edbelli — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007

Sceloporus undulatus elongatus STEJNEGER 1890: 111
Sceloporus graciosus elongatus — BURT 1933
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge tristichus) elongatus — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus elongatus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus undulatus elongatus — BELL et al. 2003

Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus MASLIN 1956
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge tristichus) erythrocheilus — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus — BELL et al. 2003

Sceloporus undulatus garmani BOULENGER 1882
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge consobrinus) garmani — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus garmani — CROTHER 2000

Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus (GREEN 1818)
Lacerta hyacinthina GREEN 1818: 349.
Lacerta fasciata GREEN 1818: 349
Lopherpes dicyanelus RAFINESQUE 1832: 143-144 (fide SCHMIDT 1953)
Stellio dicyanelus RAFINESQUE 1832: 143-144 (fide SCHMIDT 1953)
Sceloporus thayerii BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 127 (fide BELL et al. 2003)
Sceloporus thayerii BOCOURT 1874 (fide SMITH 1939)
Sceloporus undulatus thayerii — TAYLOR 1929: 64
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge undulatus) hyacinthinus — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus — CROTHER 2000

Sceloporus undulatus speari SMITH, CHISZAR, LEMOS-ESPINAL 1995
Sceloporus undulatus speari — BELL et al. 2003

Sceloporus undulatus tedbrowni SMITH, BELL, APPLEGARTH & CHISZAR 1992
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge consobrinus) tedbrowni — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus tedbrowni — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus undulatus tedbrowni — BELL et al. 2003

Sceloporus undulatus undulatus (BOSC & DAUDIN 1801)
Sceloporus undulatus undulatus — ALLEN 1932
Sceloporus undulatus (exerge undulatus) undulatus — SMITH et al. 1992
Sceloporus undulatus undulatus — CROTHER 2000 
DistributionUSA (Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, S Wyoming, S South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, S Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, S Illinois, S Indiana, S Ohio, Wisconsin, S Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, Florida),
Mexico (N/E Chihuahua, NE Durango, Coahuila, NW Nuevo Leon, N Zacatecas),
Canada (British Columbia [fide BOULENGER 1887])

edbelli: Mexico (Durango, Coahuila, Chihuahua); Type locality: Two mi S León Guzmán, Durango, Mexico.

elongatus: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, Utah [fide BURT 1933]). Type Locality: Moa Ave, Painted Desert, Arizona.

erythrocheilus: USA (Colorado). Type Locality: Nineteen mi E Model, Purgatoire River, Las Animas County, Colorado.

floridanus: Type Locality: Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida.

garmani: E New Mexico, South Dakota, W Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, Nebraska. Type Locality: "Dacota", in original description; restricted to "Near Pine Ridge, South Dakota", by Stejneger and Barbour (1933).

hyacinthinus: Missouri, West Virginia, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Jersey, Virginia, etc.; Type Locality: None stated. "Probably the vicinity of Princeton, New Jersey" (Stejneger and Barbour, 1943). Neotype locality: Crossley Preserve, western Berkeley Township, Ocean County, New Jersey, 4.76 mi (7.05 km) directly west of the Garden State Parkway bridge over Toms River at Toms River, New Jersey.

speari: Type Locality: 1.6 km N Hwy 2, 107°11'W, 31°33” N, 1250 m, on a side road intersecting Hwy. 2, 3.6 km E Microondas Duna, 18.6 km E San Martín, northern central Chihuahua, Mexico.

tedbrowni: New Mexico [HR 32: 58]. Type Locality: A large dune, Waldrop Peak, 0.5 mi S Hy 380, Chavez Co., 6 mi W Caprock, Lea Co., New Mexico.

thayerii: Type Locality: "Indianola [Calhoun County, Texas], on the Gulf of Mexico, San Antonio (Texas), El Paso del Norte, and as far westward as the province of Sonora". However, Smith (1938c) and Cochran (1961) give the type locality as Indianola

undulatus: Type Locality: "Les grands bois de la Caroline." Of neotype, 3.2 mi (5.14 km) N intersection of South Carolina route 41 and county road 100 at Wando (Cainhoy), in Francis Marion National Forest, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Wando, or Cainhoy, is 15.25 mi (24.6 km) NE Charleston, S. C. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesNeotype: Charleston Museum CR 1981, collected by John Quinby 31 October 1953, designated
by Bell (1996). Original types lost.

Holotype: UCM 41539, collected 19 June 1966 by Richard L. Holland [edbelli]

Holotype: USNM 15858, collected 23 September 1889, by C. Hart Merriam and Vernon O.
Bailey [elongatus]

Holotype USNM 137833, collected by T. P. Maslin and H. A. Fehlman, 17 September 1949 [erythrocheilus]

Holotype: USNM 2874, collected by Dr. R. W. Jeffries, U. S. N. [floridanus]

Lectotype: BMNH 1946.8.30.10, one of the original three syntypes (Bell, 1996) [garmani]

Syntypes: (3) ANSP 8345-46, 8348; New Jersey; Neotype: ANSP 35082, collected 3 May 1993 by R. T. Zappalorti
and E. L. Bell; see Bell (1996) [hyacinthinus]

Holotype: UCM 56881, collected 4 October 1993, by J. A. Lemos-Espinal [speari]

Holotype: MSWB 33859, collected 19 June 1978, by A. and H. Sena [tedbrowni]

Syntypes: Three: USNM 2887, collected by J. H. Clark [thayerii]

Holotype: USNM 8613, collected August 1874, by W. G. Shedd [tristichus]

Holotype: ANSP 8347; New Jersey [Lacerta fasciata] 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus is treated here as full species. Leaché and Cole (2007) presented evidence for hybridization between S. cowlesi and S. tristichus. MILES et al. (2002) could not find convincing evidence for the validity of genetically distinct subspecies of C. undulatus.

Distribution: Based on the evidence presented by LEACHÉ (2009), Sceloporus undulatus is apparently restricted to east of the Mississippi River and S. consobrinus to the west, a geographic finding consistent with a number of other systematic studies involving frogs and snakes.

Nomenclature: S. u. belli is an unavailable junior secondary homonym of Tropidolepis bellii Gray 1831 (which is a nomen dubium named in honor of Thomas Bell [1792-1880, an eminent scientist and herpetologist in London, much admired by Gray, who named many species for him). S. u. belli has thus been renamed S.u. edbelli. Lacerta fasciata Green, 1818 is a junior primary homonym of Lacerta fasciata Linnaeus (1758); see Smith (1947).

S. (u.) tristichus is the race of S. undulatus sympatric with occidentalis longipes in the Pine Valley Mountains of southwestern Utah (Cole, 1963; Smith and Chiszar, 1989).

Reproduction: oviparous. 
EtymologyEtymology (edbelli): named after Edwin L. Bell, Professor Emeritus of Biology at Albright College, Reading, Pennsylvania, who worked for many years on S. occidentalis and the systematics of the UNDULATUS group.

Etymology (elongatus): The Latin elongatus refers to the elongate tail and legs, as described by Stejneger (1890).

Etymology (erythrocheilus): The Greek erythros, "red," and cheilos, "lip," refer to the rust-reddish coloration of the lips and adjacent scales in breeding males.

Etymology (garmani): The genitive singular noun honors Samuel Garman, Curator at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, who authored nearly 50 works in herpetology from 1874-1917. Garman sent the syntypes to Boulenger.

Etymology (hyacinthinus): The Greek singular noun is from hyakinthinus, "lily," and refers to the blue colors of the abdominal semeions.

Etymology (speari): The genitive singular patronym honors Norman E. Spear, Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the State University of New York at Binghamton, where he is Co-director of the Center for Developmental Psychology, and was a mentor for David Chiszar.

Etymology (tedbrowni): The Latin genitive singular honors Ted L. Brown, authority on the herpetology of New Mexico, and long editor of the New Mexico Herpetological Society Newsletter.

Etymology (thayerii): This name honors Col. Sylvanus Thayer, founder of the instructional regimen at West Point Military Academy in the middle of the 19th century.

Etymology (undulatus): The Latin undulatus, "wavy," refers to the undulant transverse dark cross-bars on the dorsum. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Applegarth, J.S. 1969. The variation, distribution, and taxonomy of the eastern fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus Bosc in Latreille, in northeastern New Mexico. Unpublished M.S. thesis, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, 124 pp.
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1854. Appendix F. Zoology. Reptiles. In: Marcy and McClellan, Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852: 188-215, pl.10, figs. 5-12 [1853]
  • Basford, Susan J. 1993. A sceloporus lizard population in southern New Jersey Sonoran Herpetologist 6 (9): 90-92
  • Bell E. L. 1995. History of the authorship of the name of the Fence Lizard, Sceloporus undulatus (Bosc and Daudin in Sonnini and Latreille). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 31: 15-27.
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174
  • Bell, Edwin L. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus (Northern Fence Lizard). USA: Pennsylvania Herpetological Review 24 (2): 67 - get paper here
  • Bell, Edwin L. 1996. Descriptions of neotypes for Sceloporus undulatus undulatus, the southern fence lizard, and Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus, the northern fence lizard, and a lectotype for Sceloporus undulatus garmani, the northern prairie lizard Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 32 (3): 81-103
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Blair, Kathleen;Smith, Hobart M. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus (Southern Prairie Lizard). USA: Texas Herpetological Review 24 (2): 67 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. The Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. On the affinity of the north-American lizard fauna. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 345-346 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1882. Description of an apparently new species of lizard of the genus Sceloporus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1882: 761-62 [1883] - get paper here
  • Boundy, J. 2004. Amphibian and reptile distribution records for Louisiana. Herpetological Review 35 (2): 1914-196 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A contribution to the herpetology of Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist 14 (6): 669-679 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from southern Missouri American Midland Naturalist 14 (2): 170-173 - get paper here
  • Cagle, Fred R. 1945. Notes on Sceloporus undulatus undulatus Copeia 1945 (2): 122 - get paper here
  • Carpenter, Charles C. 1959. A population of Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus in south-central Oklahoma Southwestern Naturalist 4 (2): 110-112 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J. 1972. Chromosome variation in North American fence lizards (genus Sceloporus; undulatus species group) Systematic Zoology 21 (4): 357-363
  • Cole,C.J. 1963. Variation, distribution, and taxonomic status of the lizard , Sceloporus undulatus virgatus SMITH. Copeia 1963 (2): 413-425 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cooper Jr., W.E.; Vitt, L.J.; Caldwell, J.P. & Fox, S.F. 2005. Relationships among foraging variables, phylogeny, and foraging modes, with new data for nine North American lizard species. Herpetologica 61 (3): 250-259 - get paper here
  • Cooper, W. E., Jr. 1987. Social significance of ventrolateral coloration in the fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus Animal Behaviour 35: 526-532
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. In Yarrow, H.C., Report upon the collections of batrachians and reptiles made in portions of Nevada, Utah, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, during the years 871, 1872, 1873, and 1874, Chapter IV, L, pp. 509-584, In: Report upon geograph Government Printing office, Washington D.C. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1900. The crocodilians, lizards and snakes of North America. Ann. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. 1898: 153-1270 - get paper here
  • Crenshaw, John W. 1955. The life history of the Southern Spiny Lizard, Sceloporus undulatus undulatus Latreille American Midland Naturalist 54 (2): 257-298 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • de Grijs,P. 1899. Notes on the faculty of changing colour in reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 3: 396-402 - get paper here
  • Defusco, Russell P.; Chiszar, David; Smith, Hobart M. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus (red-lipped plateau lizard). USA: Colorado Herpetological Review 24 (4): 155 - get paper here
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Fältbiologerna Umea.
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, Howard K.;Smith, Hobart M. 1942. Amphibians and reptiles from the Carmen Mountains, Coahuila Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 6 (13): 231-235
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1838. Beiträge zur genaueren Kenntniss einiger Eidechsengattungen. Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. 18: 712-784 [1837]
  • Green, J. 1818. Descriptions of several species of North American Amphibia, accompanied by observations. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1: 348-359 - get paper here
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
  • Haskell, N. 1979. Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus. Herpetological Review 10 (4): 118 - get paper here
  • Holland, Richard L.;Smith, Hobart M. 1993. Sceloporus undulatus garmani (Northern prairie lizard). USA: Colorado Herpetological Review 24 (4): 155 - get paper here
  • Jones, K.B.; Abbas, D.R. & Bergstedt, T. 1981. Herpetological records from Central and Northeastern Arizona. Herpetological Review 12 (1): 16 - get paper here
  • Kay, Fenton R.;Bradley, W. Glan 1968. The occurrence and distribution of the eastern fence lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) in southern Nevada Herpetologica 24 (1): 72-76 - get paper here
  • Langkilde, T. and K. E. Boronow 2010. Color as a Signal: The Relationship between Coloration and Morphology in Male Eastern Fence Lizards, Sceloporus undulatus. Journal of Herpetology 44 (2): 261–271 - get paper here
  • Langkilde, Tracy and Katherine E. Boronow 2012. Hot Boys Are Blue: Temperature-Dependent Color Change in Male Eastern Fence Lizards Journal of Herpetology 46 (4): 461-465. - get paper here
  • Leaché, A. D. and C. J. Cole. 2007. Hybridization between multiple fence lizard lineages in an ecotone: Locally discordant variation in mitochondrial DNA, chromosomes, and morphology. Molecular Ecology, 16:1035-1054 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2009. SPECIES TREE DISCORDANCE TRACES TO PHYLOGEOGRAPHIC CLADE BOUNDARIES IN NORTH AMERICAN FENCE LIZARDS (SCELOPORUS). Systematic Biology 58(6): 547-559 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & Reeder, T.W. 2002. Molecular systematics of the Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus): a comparision of parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian approaches. Systematic Biology 51 (1): 44-68 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A., H.M. Smith, R.E. Ballinger, G.R. Smith, and D. Chiszar 1998. A contribution to the superspecies concept of the lizard Sceloporus undulatus: S. u. belli, a species. Southwestern Naturalist 43: 20-24 - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893 Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Lowe,C.H. and Norris,K.S. 1956. A subspecies of the lizard Sceloporus undulatus from the White Sands of New Mexico. Herpetologica 12: 125-127 - get paper here
  • Maslin, T.P. 1956. Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus ssp. nov. (Reptilia, Iguanidae), from Colorado. Herpetologica 12: 291-294 - get paper here
  • McCoy, Clarence J. 1961. Distribution of the subspecies of Sceloporus undulatus (Reptilia: Iguanidae) in Oklahoma Southwestern Naturalist 6 (2): 79-85 - get paper here
  • Miles, D.B.; Noecker, R.; Roosenburg, W.M. & White, M.M. 2002. Genetic relationships among populations of Sceloporus undulatus fail to support present subspecific designations. Herpetologica 58 (3): 277-292 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Mosauer, Walter 1936. The reptilian fauna of sand dune areas of Vizcaino Desert and of northwestern Lower California Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (329): 1-21
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Parker, William S. 1994. Demography of the fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus, in northern Mississippi Copeia 1994 (1): 136-152 - get paper here
  • Potts, George D. & Joseph T. Collins 2005. A CHECKLIST OF THE VERTEBRATE ANIMALS OF KANSAS. Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, 50 pp.
  • Roches, Simone Des; Jack Torresdal, Travis W. Morgan, Luke J. Harmon and Erica B. Rosenblum 2014. Beyond black and white: divergent behaviour and performance in three rapidly evolving lizard species at White Sands Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111 (1): 169–182, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12165 - get paper here
  • ROSENBLUM, E. B.; N. M. BELFIORE and C. MORITZ 2007. PRIMER NOTE: Anonymous nuclear markers for the eastern fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus. Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 113–116
  • Rosenblum, Erica Bree; Holger Römpler; Torsten Schöneberg, and Hopi E. Hoekstra 2010. Molecular and functional basis of phenotypic convergence in white lizards at White Sands. PNAS 107 (5): 2113–2117
  • Rosier, R. L. and T Langkilde 2012. Absence of Climbing-Induced Limb Length Plasticity in the Eastern Fence Lizard, Sceloporus undulatus Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 162-166. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp. - get paper here
  • Schumacher, R. & Schumacher, Y. 2012. Die Halsband- und Leopardleguane des Colorado-Plateaus. Iguana Rundschreiben 25 (1): 4-16
  • Serb, Jeanne M.; Petzing, John E.; Near, Thomas J. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Sceloporus undulatus Herpetological Review 29 (2): 111 - get paper here
  • Smith H M; Chiszar D; Lemos-Espinal J A; Bell E L 1995. The Cabeza de Vaca Basin subspecies of the lizard Sceloporus undulatus. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 98 (1-2): 44-60
  • Smith, Geoffrey R.;Rowe, John W.;Ballinger, Royce E. 1996. Intraspecific life history variation in Sceloporus undulatus: a factor analysis Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences 23: 85-90
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. & D. Chiszar 1989. The subspecific identity of the population of Sceloporus undulatus sympatric with S. occidentalis. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 25: 143-150
  • Smith, H. M.; Bell, E. L.;Applegarth, J. S.;Chiszar, D. 1992. Adaptive convergence in the lizard superspecies Sceloporus undulatus Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 28: 123-149
  • Smith, H.M., D. Chiszar & J.A. Lemos-Espinal 1995. A new subspecies of the polytypic lizard species Sceloporus undulatus (Sauria. Iguanidae) from Mexico. Texas Journal of Science 47 (2): 117-143.
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1938. Remarks on the status of the subspecies of Sceloporus undulatus, with descriptions of new species and subspecies of the Undulatus group. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (387): 1-17
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1947. The scientific name of the common northern fence lizard Natural History Miscellanea (24): 1-2
  • Smith, Hobart M., David Chiszar and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2002. A replacement name for Bell's spiny lizard, Sceloporus belli. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 38(3): 88-90
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Chiszar, David;Evanoff, Emmett;Mitton, Jeffrey B. 1993. The range of the so-called relictual intergrades between the lizards Sceloporus undulatus garmani and S. u. erythrocheilus Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 29 (1): 30-36
  • Sonnini, C.S. and Latreille, P.A. 1830. Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles, avec Figures Dessinees d'Apres Nature. Nouvelle édition. Tome deuxième. Paris, Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, 332 pp. - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L. 1890. Results of a biological survey of the San Francisco Mountain region and Desert of the Little Colorado, Arizona. Part V. Annotated list of reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. C. Hart Merriam and Vernon Bailey on the San Francisco Mountain Platea North American Fauna, No. 3: 103-118 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Vasco M.;Hayward, C. Lynn 1934. A biological study of the La Sal Mountains, Utah report No. 1 (Ecology) Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 11: 209-235
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1929. List of reptiles and batrachians of Morton County, Kansas, reporting species new to the state fauna Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 19 (6): 63-65 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Harry L.;Walker, J. Martin 1964. Reevaluation of sexual chromatic differences in the lizard Sceloporus undulatus erythrocheilus Maslin Copeia 1964 (2): 457 - get paper here
  • Tinkle, D. W. 1972. The dynamics of a Utah population of Sceloporus undulatus Herpetologica 28: 351-359 - get paper here
  • Tinkle, D. W.;Ballinger, R. E. 1972. Sceloporus undulatus: a study on the interspecific comparative demography of a lizard Ecology 53 (4): 570-584
  • Van Breukelen, Frank;Roth, Jan;Chiszar, David;Smith, Hobart M. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Sceloporus undulatus elongatus Herpetological Review 28 (3): 158 - get paper here
  • Watson, Susan H. 2013. VHS Annual HerpBlitz at Mattaponi Wildlife Management Area, June 22-24, 2012. Catesbeiana 33(2): 37-47 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2009. Florida - ein kleiner herpetologischer Reiseführer. Draco 10 (37): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Der amerikanische Südwesten, ein Sehnsuchtsort auch für Reptilienfreunde Draco 13 (50): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Williams, Kenneth L. 1960. Taxonomic notes on Arizona herpetozoa. Southwestern Naturalist 5 (1): 25-36 - get paper here
  • Woodbury, Angus Munn 1928. The reptiles of Zion National Park. Copeia 1928 (166): 14-21 - get paper here
  • Zappalorti, R.T. 2012. Into the barrens. HerpNation 2.5 (8): 26-38 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator