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Sceloporus vandenburgianus COPE, 1896

IUCN Red List - Sceloporus vandenburgianus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Southern Sagebrush Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus COPE 1896
Sceloporus vandenburgianus COPE 1896: 834
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CAMP 1916
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — KLAUBER 1928
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — SMITH 1939: 176
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 119
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — STEBBINS 1985: 134
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CENSKY 1986
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — COLLINS 1991
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — LINER 1994
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — WIENS & REEDER 1997
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — WIENS et al. 2010
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CROTHER et al. 2012
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus — CHAN et al. 2013
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — LEMOS-ESPINAL 2015
Sceloporus vandenburgianus — BARROWS 2019 
DistributionUSA (mountains south from Ventura County, California), Mexico (NW Baja California).

Type locality: Summit of the coast range, San Diego County, California. According to Applegarth and Banta (1970), the locality is described by Mearns ((1907) as "Campbell's Ranch, at Laguna Mountains, Coast Range, San Diego County, California."  
TypesHolotype: USNM 21931 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (vandenburgianus): Smith 1939: 176 
CommentSubspecies: Sceloporus graciosus arenicolus has been elvated to full species status. Sceloporus vandenburgianus is morphologically similar and geographically close to populations of S. graciosus gracilis (WIENS & REEDER 1997) and actually intergrades with S. graciosus (Applegarth and Banta 1970). However, Wiens et al. 2010 found vandenburgianus to be clearly separate from both arenicolus and graciosus although they do form one clade.

Distribution: see map in Chan et al. 2013: 313 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyNamed after John Van Denburgh (1872-1924), curator of herpetology at the California Academy of Sciences from 1895-1924. 
  • Applegarth, John S.;Banta, Benjamin H. 1970. A notable occurence of Sceloporus graciosus vandenburghianus Cope (Reptilia: Lacertilia) in the Santa Cruz Mountain of California, with comments on its life history, ecology, taxonomy, and zoogeography. Wasmann Journal of Biology 28 (2): 191-198 - get paper here
  • Atsatt, S.R. 1952. Observations on the Early Life History of the Lizards Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus and Gerrhonotus multicarinatus webbi Copeia 1952 (4): 276. - get paper here
  • Baird, S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 68-70 - get paper here
  • Barrows, Cameron W. B 2018. RESPONSES OF A MONTANE LIZARD ASSEMBLAGE TO AN EXTENDED DROUGHT. The Southwestern Naturalist Sep 2018 Vol. 63, No. 3: 173-181 - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1897. A revision of the lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 474-522 - get paper here
  • Burkholder, Gary L.;Tanner, Wilmer W. 1974. Life history and ecology of the Great Basin sagebrush swift, Sceloporus graciosus grasiosus Baird and Girard, 1852. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 19 (5): 1-44 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms. American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Camp, C.L. 1916. The subspecies of Sceloporus occidentalis, with description of a new form from the Sierra Nevada and systematic notes on other California lizards. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 17: 63-74
  • Censky E J 1986. Sceloporus graciosus Baird and Girard. Sagebrush lizard. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (386): 1-4 - get paper here
  • CHAN, LAUREN M.; JAMES W. ARCHIE, ANNE D. YODER, LEE A. FITZGERALD 2013. Review of the systematic status of Sceloporus arenicolus Degenhardt and Jones, 1972 with an estimate of divergence time. Zootaxa 3664 (3): 312–320 [erratum in] - get paper here
  • Cole, C.J. 1975. Karyotype and Systematic Status of the Sand Dune Lizard (Sceloporus graciosus arenicolous) of the American Southwest Herpetologica 31 (3): 288-293. - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J. 1971. Karyotypes of five monotypic species groups of lizards in the genus Sceloporus. American Museum Novitates (2450): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Collins J T 1991. Viewpoint: a new taxonomic arrangement for some North American amphibians and reptiles. Herpetological Review 22 (2): 42-43 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1896. On two new species of lizards from Southern California. American Naturalist 30: 833-836 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Cuellar, H.S. & O. Cuellar 1977. Absence of Gonadal Refractoriness in the Lizards Cnemidophorus uniparens and Sceloporus graciosus Copeia 1977 (1): 185-188. - get paper here
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Eaton, Theodore H., Jr 1935. Report on amphibians and reptiles of the Navajo country. Bulletin 3. Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition : 1-20 - get paper here
  • Eells, M.M. 1978. AN ALBINISTIC SAGEBRUSH LIZARD, SCELOPORUS GRACIOSUS. Herpetological Review 9 (2): 48 - get paper here
  • Ferguson, Denzel E.;Payne, K. Ellsworth;Storm, Robert M. 1958. Notes on the herpetology of Baker County, Oregon. Great Basin Naturalist 18 (2): 63-65 - get paper here
  • Ferguson, Gary W.; William H. Gehrmann, Andrew M. Brinker, and Glenn C. Kroh 2014. Daily and Seasonal Patterns of Natural Ultraviolet Light Exposure of the Western Sagebrush Lizard (Sceloporus graciosus gracilis) and the Dunes Sagebrush Lizard (Sceloporus arenicolus). Herpetologica Mar 2014, Vol. 70, No. 1: 56-68. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1936. Amphibians and reptiles of the Rouge River Basin, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist 17: 634-652 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1978. Sexual size differences in the genus Sceloporus. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (13): 441-461 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S.R. 2014. Reproduction of the Sagebrush Lizard, Sceloporus graciosus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from New Mexico. Sonoran Herpetologist 27 (2):36-38. - get paper here
  • HEYBORNE, WILLIAM H.; CORAL E. GARDNER & JARED BADGER. 2022. SCELOPORUS GRACIOSUS (Common Sagebrush Lizard). INJURY. Herpetological Review 53(3): 501.
  • Hubbard, Kaylan A; Anna D Chalfoun, and Kenneth G Gerow 2016. The Relative Influence of Road Characteristics and Habitat on Adjacent Lizard Populations in Arid Shrublands. Journal of Herpetology 50 (1): 29-36. - get paper here
  • Jackson, L.; Hunsaker, D. 1970. Chromosome morphology of sceloporine lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis and S. graciosus). Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 26(2):198-199 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Kerfoot, W. Charles 1968. Geographic variability of the lizard, Sceloporus graciosus Baird and Girard, in the eastern part of its range. Copeia 1968 (1): 139-152 - get paper here
  • Klauber, L. M. 1928. A list of amphibians and reptiles of San Diego County, California. Zoological Society of San Diego (Bulletin #4): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Knowlton, G., & Janes, M. 1934. Distributional and Food Habits Notes on Utah Lizards. Copeia, 1934(1), 10-14 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. & Heimes, P. 2002. Stachelleguane. Herpeton-Verlag (Offenbach), 174 pp.
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lynch, J.D. 1985. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nebraska. Nebraska Acad. of Sci., Lincoln, Trans. 13: 33-57.
  • Martins, E.P. 1994. Structural Complexity in a Lizard Communication System: The Sceloporus graciosus "Push-Up" Display Copeia 1994 (4): 944-955. - get paper here
  • Mosauer, Walter 1936. The reptilian fauna of sand dune areas of Vizcaino Desert and of northwestern Lower California. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (329): 1-21 - get paper here
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  • Mueller, C.F. & R.E. Moore 1969. Growth of the Sagebrush Lizard, Sceloporus graciosus, in Yellowstone National Park Herpetologica 25 (1): 35-38. - get paper here
  • Otvos, I.S. 1977. Observations on the food of three forest-dwelling lizards in California. Herpetological Review 8 (1): 6-7 - get paper here
  • Parker, W.S. 1973. Notes on reproduction of some lizards from Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah Herpetologica 29 (3): 258-264. - get paper here
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  • Ruiz, Mayté; Wang, Danfeng; Reinke, Beth A.; Demas, Gregory E.; Martins, Emília P. 2011. Trade-offs between reproductive coloration and innate immunity in a natural population of female sagebrush lizards, Sceloporus graciosus. The Herpetological Journal 21: 131-134 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp. - get paper here
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