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Sceloporus variabilis WIEGMANN, 1834

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesSceloporus variabilis marmoratus HALLOWELL 1852
Sceloporus variabilis variabilis WIEGMANN 1834
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus SMITH 1937 
Common NamesRosebelly Lizard
marmoratus: Northern Rosebelly Lizard
olloporus: Southern Rose-bellied Lizard 
SynonymSceloporus variabilis WIEGMANN 1834: 51
Tropidolepis variabilis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 308
Tropidolepis Variabilis — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 270
Sceloporus variabilis — BOULENGER 1885: 236
Sceloporus variabilis variabilis — SMITH 1934
Sceloporus variabilis — LINER 1994
Sceloporus variabilis — KÖHLER 2000: 85
Sceloporus variabilis — WIENS et a. 2010

Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus HALLOWELL 1852
Sceloporus marmoratus HALLOWELL 1852: 178
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — SMITH 1934: 125
Sceloporus delicatissimus HALLOWELL 1852: 178
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 131
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 103
Sceloporus marmoratus — MENDOZA-QUIJANO 1998
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — BARTLETT & BARTLETT 1999: 233
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — CROTHER 2000
Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Sceloporus variabilis olloporus SMITH 1937
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — MERTENS 1952: 52
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — TAYLOR 1956: 187
Sceloporus olloporus — MENDOZA-QUIJANO 1998
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus olloporus — BARTELT & PRAßEL 2009 
DistributionUSA (S Texas),
Mexico (NE Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Yucatan, Veracruz, Querétaro),
Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica.

variablilis: S Tamaulipas along the Atlantic coast to SC Veracruz inland to E Querétaro and Puebla; through E Oaxaca and W Guatemala, reaching the coast only in Chiapas. San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, Hidalgo. Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Veracruz, Veracruz, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

delicatissimus: USA (Texas). Type Locality: San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas.

marmoratus: Atlantic lowlands from San Antonio, Texas, south to S Tamaulipas, west to Coahuila. Nuevo León. Type locality: San Antonio, [Bexar Co.] Texas.

olloporus: C Guatemala south to Costa Rica. Type Locality: San Juanillo, Costa Rica. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 650-653 (7), Ferdinand Deppe collector
Holotype: Apparently lost. Cope (1900) noted USNM 2892 as a "type" from San Antonio (under
S. variabilis, with which he synonymized it) but it too is lost. Furthermore it is uncertain whether it was the type of delicatissimus or marmoratus, both described by Hallowell on the same page, from the same locality and taken by the same collector, Dr. S. W. Woodhouse [marmoratus]
Holotype: USNM 16020, collected by S. W. Woodhouse [delicatissimus]
Holotype: UMMZ originally 71207, now 80458, collected 7 October 1931, by Austin Smith [olloporus] 
CommentSITES & DIXON (1982) consider Sceloporus variabilis olloporus as a synonym of the nominat form. Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) recognized Sceloporus v. marmoratus and S. v. olloporus as a distinct species (based on molecular evidence). Sceloporus variabilis teapensis GÜNTHER 1890 has been elevated to full species status. Erroneously reported from Jalisco (SMITH et al. 2000).

Reproduction: oviparous. 
EtymologyThe Latin adjective variabilis, "changeable, or "variable" refers to the "wide difference in color between the males and females" (Cope, 1900).

Etymology (marmoratus): The Greek marmaros, "marble," and Latin -atus, "pertaining to the nature of," presumably refer to the perceived marble-like appearance of the type.

Etymology (olloporus): The Greek ollos, "other," or "of a different sort," and poros, "pore," refer to the relatively small number of femoral pores in the subspecies. 
References
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