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Scelotes anguinus (BOULENGER, 1887)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Algoa Dwarf Burrowing Skink, Boulenger's Burrowing Skink 
SynonymHerpetoseps anguinus BOULENGER 1887: 416
Herpetosaura anguinea — TORNIER 1902: 704
Scelotes anguina — GREER 1970
Scelotes anguina — BRANCH & HAAGNER 1996
Scelotes anguineus — WHITING et al. 2003
Scelotes anguineus — BAUER 2016
Scelotes anguinus — RAW 2022 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Algoa Basin in E Cape)

Type locality: South Africa, near Port Elizabeth.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH (presumed, status unclear fide P. Campbell, pers. comm., March 2019). 
CommentLimb morphology: This species lost its forelimb entirely and retains only two digits on the hind limb.

Synonymy: Tornier 1902 synonymized Herpetoseps with Herpetosaura PETERS. However, Tornier misspelled anguina (as anguineus) and did not emend that name intentionally. 
EtymologyApparently after Latin anguis = snake, for its snake-like appearance. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R.; Haagner, G.V. 1996. Life History Notes - Scelotes anguina. African Herp News (25): 38-39 - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 1970. The systematics and evolution of the Subsaharan Africa, Seychelles, and Mauritius Scincine Scincid lizards. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 140 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Raw, Lynn R. G. 2022. Historical and Current Misuse of Gender Agreement in the Names of South African Lizard Species. ZooNova 18: 1-5
  • Tornier,G. 1902. Herpetologisch Neues aus Ostafrika. Zool. Anz. 25: 700-704 - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
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