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Scelotes gronovii (DAUDIN, 1802)

IUCN Red List - Scelotes gronovii - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Gronovi’s Dwarf Burrowing Skink 
SynonymSeps gronovii DAUDIN 1802: 354
Scelotes gronovii — BRYGOO 1985: 47
Scelotes gronovii — WHITING et al. 2003
Scelotes gronovii — BATES et al. 2014: 274 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (W Cape coast, from Doringbaai to Graafwater, Dassen Island, Robben Island)  
TypesSyntypes: Lost (Brygoo, 1985). Description based (in part) on literature records by Linnaeus, Gronovius, Gmelin, Seba, Schneider and Laurenti, as well as one specimen in MNHN. 
CommentSynonymy: Listed as synonym of Scelotes bipes by BOULENGER 1887: 414.

Limb morphology: This species lost its forelimb entirely and retains only one digit on the hind limb. 
EtymologyNamed after Laurens Theodorus Gronovius (1730-1777), or simply "Laurenti", Dutch botanist and ichthyologist (not be confused with Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti). 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., Whiting, A.S., and Sadlier, R.A. 2003. A new species of Scelotes, from near Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54:231-237. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Daudin, F. M. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris, 397 pp. - get paper here
  • Elzen, P. Van Den; Raynaud, A. 1977. Untersuchungen zur Ökologie südafrikanischer Scinciden der Gattung Scelotes. Erste Ergebnisse. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 28: 384-393 - get paper here
  • Heideman, Neil J.L.; Daniel G. Mulcahy, Jack W. Sites, Martin G.J. Hendricks, Savel R. Daniels 2011. Cryptic diversity and morphological convergence in threatened species of fossorial skinks in the genus Scelotes (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Western Cape Coast of South Africa: Implications for species boundaries, digit reduction and conservation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61 (3): 823-833 - get paper here
  • Mouton P L F N; Oelofsen B W; Mostert D P 1987. New data on threatened lizard species in the south-western Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 83 (1) 1987: 48-52
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
  • WITBERG, M. 2012. The herpetofauna of Schaapen Island, Langebaan, South Africa. African Herp News (56): 11-16 - get paper here
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