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Scelotes gronovii (DAUDIN, 1802)

IUCN Red List - Scelotes gronovii - , LR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGronovi’s Dwarf Burrowing Skink 
SynonymSeps gronovii DAUDIN 1802: 354
Scelotes gronovii — BRYGOO 1985: 47
Scelotes gronovii — WHITING et al. 2003
Scelotes gronovii — BATES et al. 2014: 274 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (W Cape coast, from Doringbaai to Graafwater, Dassen Island, Robben Island)  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: Lost (Brygoo, 1985). Description based (in part) on literature records by Linnaeus, Gronovius, Gmelin, Seba, Schneider and Laurenti, as well as one specimen in MNHN. 
Diagnosis 
CommentListed as synonym of Scelotes bipes by BOULENGER 1887: 414. This species lost its forelimb entirely and retains only one digit on the hind limb. 
Etymology 
References
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., Whiting, A.S., and Sadlier, R.A. 2003. A new species of Scelotes, from near Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54:231-237. - get paper here
  • Beolens, ; Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Elzen, P. Van Den; Raynaud, A. 1977. Untersuchungen zur Ökologie südafrikanischer Scinciden der Gattung Scelotes. Erste Ergebnisse. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 28: 384-393 - get paper here
  • Heideman, Neil J.L.; Daniel G. Mulcahy, Jack W. Sites, Martin G.J. Hendricks, Savel R. Daniels 2011. Cryptic diversity and morphological convergence in threatened species of fossorial skinks in the genus Scelotes (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Western Cape Coast of South Africa: Implications for species boundaries, digit reduction and conservation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61 (3): 823-833 - get paper here
  • Mouton P L F N; Oelofsen B W; Mostert D P 1987. New data on threatened lizard species in the south-western Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 83 (1) 1987: 48-52
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
  • WITBERG, M. 2012. The herpetofauna of Schaapen Island, Langebaan, South Africa. African Herp News (56): 11-16 - get paper here
 
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