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Scelotes kasneri FITZSIMONS, 1939

IUCN Red List - Scelotes kasneri - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Kasner's Dwarf Burrowing Skink 
SynonymScelotes kasneri FITZSIMONS 1939: 13
Scelotes kasneri — WHITING et al. 2003
Scelotes kasneri — BATES et al. 2014: 276 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (W Cape coast, from Lambert's Bay to Vredenburg)  
TypesHolotype: DNMNH (= TM) 
CommentLimb morphology: This species lost its forelimb entirely and retains only two digits on the hind limb. 
EtymologyNamed after J. H. Kasner, who collected it at Lambert’s Bay in 1917. This is likely to be James (Jim) Henry Kasner, b. 2 Aug 1893, eldest son of Ferdinand Emil Pieter Kasner (b. 1870, d, 25/5/1936) and his wife Clara Johanna Wilhelmina Veer Kasner (d. 3 12/1920). Ferdinand Kasner was the first caretaker of Guano Island at Lambert’s Bay, appointed 1910, and he and his wife both died at Lambert’s Bay. James Henry Kasner would have been 24 at the time of collecting the type. (Glenn Shea, pers. comm., 2 Feb 2024)
  • Anonymous 1958. A List of Zoological and Botanical Types preserved in collections in Southern and East Africa. Volume I - Zoology, Part 1. South African Museums' Association, Pretoria, i-vi, 1-147. - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., Whiting, A.S., and Sadlier, R.A. 2003. A new species of Scelotes, from near Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54:231-237. - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M. 1950. Notes on a Collection of Reptiles and Amphibians from the West Coast of Southern Africa. . Annals Transvaal Mus., 21 (3): 253-259 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons,V.F.M. 1939. Descriptions of some new species and subspecies of lizards from South Africa. Annals Transvaal Mus. 20 (1): 5-16
  • Heideman, Neil J.L.; Daniel G. Mulcahy, Jack W. Sites, Martin G.J. Hendricks, Savel R. Daniels 2011. Cryptic diversity and morphological convergence in threatened species of fossorial skinks in the genus Scelotes (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Western Cape Coast of South Africa: Implications for species boundaries, digit reduction and conservation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61 (3): 823-833 - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
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