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Scelotes mossambicus (PETERS, 1882)

IUCN Red List - Scelotes mossambicus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Mozambique Dwarf Burrowing Skink 
SynonymHerpetosaura inornata var. mossambica PETERS 1882: 81
Herpetosaura arenicola BOCAGE 1882: 287 (not PETERS)
Scelotes arenicola BOCAGE 1896: 88 (not PETERS)
Scelotes guentheri OHDNER 1908 (part., not BOULENGER)
Scelotes mossambicus (PETERS 1882)
Scelotes brevipes HEWITT 1925: 348
Herpetosaura brevipes — WITTE & LAURENT 1943
Herpetosaura inornata — WITTE & LAURENT 1943 (part.)
Scelotes brevipes — ELZEN & RAYNAUD 1977
Scelotes inornatus mossambicus — BRUTON & HAACKE 1980
Scelotes inornatus inornatus VISSER 1984: 75 (not A. SMITH; fide BROADLEY)
Scelotes brevipes — JACOBSEN 1987
Scelotes brevipes — BOYCOTT 1992
Scelotes mossambicus — BRAODLEY 1994
Scelotes mossambicus — BATES et al. 2014: 279 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (SE Transvaal, Zululand), S Mozambique, Swaziland

Type locality: “Manixe (Manische) [=Maxixe] bei Inhambane” [Mozambique].  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 4624 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Broadley 1994: 247 
CommentLimb morphology: This species lost its forelimb entirely and retains only one digit on the hind limbs (Branch 1998: 141). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Bocage, J.V.B. de 1882. Noticia ácerca de alguns reptis d’Angoche que existem no Museu Nacional de Lisboa. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes 8: 256-290
  • Bocage, J.V.B. de 1896. Reptis de algumas possessoes portuguezas d’Africa que existem no Museu de Lisboa. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes (ser. 2) 4: 65-104
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. 1994. The genus Scelotes Fitzinger (Reptilia: Scincidae) in Mozambique, Swaziland and Natal, South Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 35: 237-259.
  • Bruton & HAACKE 1980. Studies on the Ecology of Maputoland. 254 pp.
  • Elzen, P. Van Den; Raynaud, A. 1977. Untersuchungen zur Ökologie südafrikanischer Scinciden der Gattung Scelotes. Erste Ergebnisse. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 28: 384-393 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1925. On some new species of Reptiles and Amphibians from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. (Grahamstown) 3: 343-370
  • Jacobsen,N.H.G. 1987. A new subspecies of Scelotes limpopoensis FITZSIMONS 1930 (Sauria: Scincidae), with notes on the distribution of the genus Scelotes in the Transvaal. Annals Transvaal Mus. 34: 371-376 - get paper here
  • Odhner, T. 1908. Reptilien und Batrachier, gesammelt von Dr. I. Trägardh in Natal und Zululand, 1904-1905. Arkiv för Zoologi 4 (18): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Peters,W. 1882. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique auf Befehl seiner Majestät es Königs Friedrich Wilhelm IV. in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgefeführt von Wilhelm C. Peters. Zoologie III. Amphibien. Berlin (Reimer), 191pp.
  • Witte, G.F. & R. LAURENT 1943. Contribution à la systématique des formes dégradées de la famille des Scincidae apparentées au genre Scelotes Fitzinger. Mém. Mus. r. Hist. nat. Belg. (sér.2) 26: 44 pp.
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