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Scincella forbesorum (TAYLOR, 1937)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Forbe’s Forest Ground Skink
S: Escíncela de Bosque de Forbes 
SynonymLeiolopisma forbesorum TAYLOR 1937
Leiolopisma gemmingeri forbesorum — SMITH 1951
Scincella gemmingeri forbesorum — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 159
Scincella forbesora — GREER 1974: 33
Scincella gemmingeri forbesorum — LINER 1994
Scincella forbesorum — SHEA & GREER 2002: 156
Scincella gemmingeri forbesorum — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Scincella gemmingeri forbesorum — GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2010
Scincella forbesora — LINKEM et al. 2011 
DistributionMexico (Hidalgo)

Type locality: La Placita, Hidalgo, 8 miles south of Jacala, elevation 7,000 feet.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 100031 (formerly EHT-HMS 10043), La Placita, Hidalgo, 8 miles S Jacala, Mexico, collected E.H. Taylor, 2.vii.1936 (fide Marx, 1976, SHEA & GREER 2002) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Related to Leiolopisma silvicolum and L. gemmingeri, but differing from the former in having shorter, more poorly developed limbs, which fail to meet in both males and females (adults) when adpressed, in the character of the tertiary temporals and nuchals, and number of scale rows; from gemmingeri it differs in the character of the temporals and nuchals, in having a shorter body (shorter axilla to groin distance in proportion to total length); it is a smaller species. Normally a single large nuchal, curving about the parietals and in contact with the very large upper secondary temporal; a lateral brown band to tail, but not distinctly continued on tail; this is bordered above by a very dim, usually continuous narrow light line, while the lower edge is less densely dark, with occasional lighter blotches; the dark stripe involves upper third of ear; lower on sides, color lead gray, with occasional darker flecks, especially on side of head and neck and on lips; subcaudals enlarged; they are wider and longer than adjoining scales, and each is fan-shaped; arm reaches a little beyond ear; scale rows about middle of body, 28; maximum length, 54.2; frontoparietal divided (Taylor 1937).

Color in life: Above grayish to amber-brown, covering six whole scale rows and two half rows; a blackish lateral stripe on head and side of body, bordered above by an indistinct continuous light line, more or less greenish white in color; the lower edge of the stripe becomes lost in the bluish lead color of sides, which is flecked with black; an indistinct light line from nostril, passing below eye through middle of ear to forearm, yellowish anteriorly, bluish posteriorly; labials and region below ear with numerous dark flecks. Ventral surface generally light, yellowish under tail, and with some metallic reflections on abdomen and throat (Taylor 1937). 
Comment 
EtymologyA patronimic after Mr. and Mrs. Dyfrig McH. Forbes (original spelling by Taylor), who hosted E. Taylor during his stay in Potrero Viejo, Veracruz. The genitive “-ōrum” indicates pertenence or possession. 
References
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer 2002. From Sphenomorphus to Lipinia: Generic reassignment of two poorly known New Guinea skinks. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 148-156 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1951. A new species of Leiolopisma (Reptilia: Sauria) from Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (3): 195-200 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1937. Two new lizards of the genus Leiolopisma from Mexico, with comments on another Mexican species. Copeia 1937 (1): 5-11 - get paper here
 
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