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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
Scincella kikaapoa — LINKEM et al. 2011
Scincella kikaapoda — WILSON et al. 2013 (in error)
Scincella kikaapoa — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Coahuila)

Type locality: Mexico, Coahuila, 4 km SE Cuatro Ciénegas, Poza El Mojarral, 26°55’11.9’’N, 100°06’53.2’’W, 739 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: MZFC 17667, adult male, 6 July 2005, A. Contreras. Paratypes.—All (n 5 14) from Mexico, Coahuila, Cuatro Cie ́negas Basin: MZFC 17668, same locality as the holotype; MZFC 17664–17666, 13 km S Cuatro Cie ́negas, Poza Azul; MZFC 2012, KU 47088–47089, 12.5 km SE Cuatro Cie ́negas, Poza Churince; INHS (= UIMNH) 43231–43236, 48328, 9.17 km SE Cuatro Cie ́negas. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Scincella kikaapoa can be distinguished from all congeners in North and Middle America by having two dark, narrow ventrolateral stripes separated from each other by a narrow ventrolateral pale line on each side (vs. dark ventrolateral stripes on each side absent in S. s. caudaequinae, S. s. silvicola, S. lateralis, and S. gemmingeri). In addition, S. kikaapoa may be distinguished from all congeners in North and Middle America, except S. lateralis, by having three or more pairs of nuchals (vs. fewer than three pairs of nuchals in the other species) and the first nuchal separated from the upper secondary temporal by the tertiary temporal row (in 100% of the specimens, = 5 15; vs. first nuchal in contact with the upper secondary temporal in $92% of the specimens in S. gemmingeri and S. silvicola; n = 81 and 102, respectively; Table 1), and from S. lateralis by having longer limbs (limbs overlapping by 1–15 scales when adpressed against body, hindlimb length/SVL ratio 0.30–0.42, x = 0.36; vs. limbs separated by 2–23 scales when adpressed against body, hindlimb length/SVL ratio 0.24–0.37, x = 0.30, in S. lateralis; Table 1) and usually more scales around midbody (28–30, x = 29.0, n = 15, in S. kikaapoa; vs. 24–29, x = 26.4, n = 28, in S. lateralis). 
CommentSimilar species: S. lateralis. 
EtymologyThe specific name kikaapoa is an indeclinable word from the language of the Kikapue, the native people that inhabits the center of Coahuila, that means ‘‘those who walk on the land.’’ 
  • Álvarez, F.; M. Ojeda (eds.) 2019. Animal Diversity and Biogeography of the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, Cuatro Ciénegas Basin: An Endangered Hyperdiverse Oasis. Springer, 231 pp. - get paper here
  • García-Vázquez, Canseco-Márquez & Nieto-Montes de Oca 2010. A New Species of Scincella (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, Coahuila, Mexico. Copeia 2010 (3): 373-381 - get paper here
  • Garcia-Vazquez, Uri Omar; Saraid Oyuki Bazán-Cárdenas, Salomé Rayadan Reyes-Mercado, Karen Gómez-Vieyra, Marysol Trujano-Ortega 2019. NOTES OF THE DIET OF Scincella kikaapoa (SQUAMATA: SCINCIDAE) IN THE CUATRO CIÉNEGAS VALLEY, COAHUILA, MÉXICO. Rev. Latinoamer. Herp. 2 (2): 47-51 - get paper here
  • García-Vázquez, Uri Omar; Marysol Trujano-Ortega, Arturo Contreras- Arquieta, Omar Ávalos-Hernández, Omar Osvaldo Escobedo-Correa, and Pablo Corcuera 2019. Chapter 13 Diversity of Amphibians and Reptiles in the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin. In: Álvarez, F.; M. Ojeda (eds.), Animal Diversity and Biogeography of the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, Cuatro Ciénegas Basin. Springer, pp. 175-188 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Ocampo Salinas, Manuel, J., Castillo-cerón, J. M., Manríquez-morán, N., Goyenechea, I., & Casagranda, M. D. 2019. Endemism of lizards in the Chihuahuan Desert province: An approach based on endemicity analysis. Journal of Arid Environments - get paper here
  • Wilson, Larry David; Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson 2013. A conservation reassessment of the reptiles of Mexico based on the EVS measure. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 7 (1): 1–47 - get paper here
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