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Scincella melanosticta (BOULENGER, 1887)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesScincella melanosticta kohtaoensis COCHRAN 1927
Scincella melanosticta melanosticta (BOULENGER 1887) 
Common NamesE: Black Ground Skink, Black-spotted Smooth Skink
G: Schwarzfleckenglattskink 
SynonymLygosoma melanostictum BOULENGER 1887
Lygosoma melanosticum (sic!) — SMITH 1916: 46
Lygosoma reevesi melanosticum — SMITH 1935
Leiolopisma siamensis TAYLOR & ELBEL 1958
Leiolopisma melanostictum — TAYLOR 1963: 1123
Leiolopisma siamensis — TAYLOR 1963
Scincella melanosticta — GREER 1974: 7
Scincella siamensis — GREER 1974: 7
Scincella melanosticta — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 276
Scincella melanosticta — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011
Scincella cf melanosticta — NGUYEN et al. 2018

Scincella melanosticta kohtaoensis (COCHRAN 1927)
Leiolopisma kohtaoensis COCHRAN 1927
Leiolopisma kohtaoensis — SMITH 1928
Leiolopisma kohtaoensis — TAYLOR 1963
Scincella kohtaoensis — GREER 1974
Scincella melanosticta kohtaoensis — OUBOTER 1986
Scincella kohtaoensis — SHEA & GREER 2002: 156 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma), Thailand (south to Nakhon Si Thammarat), Cambodia, Laos ?, S Vietnam

rupicola: Vietnam

Type locality: Plapoo, 6 miles W. of Mt. Mooleyit, Myanmar (= Burma), N. Tenasserim.  
Reproductionoviparous, 1-4 eggs. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.17.89 (formerly, Plapoo, Tenasserim, collected L. Fea; MSNG 27853 (2 specimens), Pla Poo, Tenasserim, Burma, collected L. Fea, 1887. The description was based on "several specimens" from Pla Poo. BMNH 1946.8.17.61 (formerly, Mt Mooleyit, 1500m, collected L. Fea, is also listed in that collection as a syntype, but has a different locality, and cannot be certainly identified as a syntype.
Holotype: USNM 72284; paratypes: USNM [kohtaoensis]
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.16.77 [rupicola]
Holotype: ZISP 20006.1, paratypes: ZISP 20006.2–20006.4 [bacboensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized, rather robust Scincella, with a robust head (x ratio S-V length/head width less than 7.0; x ratio S-V length/head length less than 5.6) and rather long limbs. Usually the prefrontals form a broad suture. Some small scales between the fifth supralabial and the granules of the lower eyelid. Usually the eye is visible through the supraoculars as a dark area. Thirty two to 38 scales around midbody in mainland specimens. Lateral dark band broken up by whitish spots (Ouboter 1986: 45).

Diagnosis (kohtaoensis). A robust Scincella, with rather short limbs. Fewer body scales than S. m. melanosticta. Lateral dark band much broken up by lighter spots (Ouboter 1986: 47). 
CommentSynonymy mostly after Ouboter (1986). SHEA & GREER 2002 list Scincella rupicola as valid species. The species Livoromica bacboensis was described based on a specimen collected by Darevsky in 1986 (ZISP 20006) in Vietnam, Bac Can Province, village Dong-Luong (= type locality) and listed before as Scincella melanosticta (Darevsky et al., 1986) [V. Bobrov, pers. comm. 9.9.04] 
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. An account of the reptiles and batrachians obtained in Tenasserim by M. L. Fea, of the Genova Civic Museum. Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Genova, 2. Ser. 5: 474-486 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1927. New reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. Hugh M. Smith in Siam. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 40: 179-192. - get paper here
  • Eremchenko, V. K 2003. Generic and specific redefinition and redescription of the North-Vietnam skink (Scincella melanosticta (Boulenger, 1887). Izvestiya Vuzov (= Proceedings of Universitities and Institutes), Bishkek, (1-2): 20-28
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2013. Notes on reproduction of the skink Scincella melanosticta (Squamata: Scincidae) from Thailand. Hamadryad 36 (2): 180-182 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Grismer, Thomas R. Szutz and Timothy M. Youmans 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., Neang, T., Chav, T. & Grismer, J.L. 2008. Checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the Cardamom region of Southwestern Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2008(1): 12–28 - get paper here
  • HARTMANN, Timo; Flora IHLOW, Sarah EDWARDS, SOVATH Sothanin, Markus HANDSCHUH and Wolfgang BÖHME 2013. A Preliminary Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary in Northern Cambodia. Asian Herpetological Research 4 (1): 36–55 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Nabhitabhata, J., T. Chan-ard and Y. Chuaynkern 2000. Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bankok. 152pp.
  • Neang, Thy; Somaly Chan, Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr.. 2018. A new species of smooth skink (Squamata: Scincidae: Scincella) from Cambodia. Zoological Research, DOI: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.008 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Andreas Schmitz, Tao Thien Nguyen, Nikolai L. Orlov, Wolfgang Böhme, and Thomas Ziegler 2011. Review of the Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger, 1843 (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae) in Vietnam, with Description of a New Species from Northern Vietnam and Southern China and the First Record of Sphenomorphus mimicus Taylor, 1962 from Vietnam. Journal of Herpetology 45 (2): 145-154.
  • Ouboter P E 1986. A revision of the genus Scincella (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) of Asia, with some notes on its evolution. Zoologische Verhandelingen (229): 1-66 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer 2002. From Sphenomorphus to Lipinia: Generic reassignment of two poorly known New Guinea skinks. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 148-156 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hugh M. 1928. New Reptiles and Batrachians collected by Dr. Hugh M. Smith in Siam. by Doris M. Cochran. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 7: 198 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1916. Description of three new lizards and a new snake from Siam. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2 (1): 44-47. - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stuart, B.L. & Emmett, D.A. 2006. A Collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Fieldiana Zool. N.S. (109): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. & Elbel, Robert E. 1958. Contribution to the Herpetology of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (13): 1033-1189 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mulcahy, D.G. 2019. Identification guide Amphibians and reptiles of South Tanintharyi. Fauna & Flora International, 101 pp.
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