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Scincella ochracea (BOURRET, 1937)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLeiolopisma ochraceum BOURRET 1937: 17
Scincella ochracea — GREER 1974: 7
Scincella reevesii — OUBOTER 1986: 41
Scincella reevesii — BOBROV 1995: 18
Scincella melanosticta — DAREVSKY 1986: 65
Scincella ochracea — SHEA & GREER 2002
Scincella ochracea — EREMCHENKO 2003
Scincella ochracea — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 
DistributionVietnam (Son La)  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 1999.8025; paralectotypes MNHN-RA 1948.0056 and MNHN-RA 1948.0057; paralectotypes MNHN-RA 1948.0056 and MNHN-RA 1948.0057, see Brygoo (1985). Formerly author's collection S99. Described from two specimens, with unknown locality (Tonkin or Yunnan), obtained from the old collection of the Geological Service in Indochina. Bourret (2009) subsequently altered the type locality to Mung Ouneua, Laos. It is not clear which two of the three listed specimens were used by Bourret to describe the species. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis in EREMCHENKO 2003: 22.

Morphological characters (determination after Bourret 1937, Ouboter 1986).

Size: Males: SVL 34.2–45.4 mm (mean ± SD 44 ±1.4 mm, n = 5), TaL 61.8–75.0 mm (n = 2); females: SVL 43.2–50.0 mm (mean ± SD 46.5±2.5 mm, n = 5), TaL 63.9 mm (n = 1). For further measurements and proportions see Table 1. (from Pham et al. 2015)

Head longer than wide; rostral wider than high; supranasals absent; prefrontals in contact with each other; parietals in contact posteriorly; enlarged nuchal scales in 0–3 pairs; loreals 2; supraciliaries 7 or 8; supraoculars 4, followed by two small scales; primary temporals 2; secondary temporals 2, upper very large and overlapped by lower one; lower eyelid with a large undivided opaque window, separated from supralabials by 1–3 row of small scales; supralabials 7 (rarely 8), the fifth and sixth below the eye; ear opening with 3 or 4 projecting lobules; tympanum deeply sunk; mental wider than long; infralabials 6 (rarely 5); postmental undivided; midbody scales in 30 or 32 rows; dorsal scales between lateral stripes in 1⁄2 + 6 + 1⁄2 rows, smooth, as large as lateral scales; paravertebral scales 61–67; ventrals in 66–71 transverse rows, smooth; precloacals 2, enlarged; medial subcaudals slightly widened; limbs short, pentadactyl; fingers and toes widely separated when adpressed; subdigital lamellae smooth, 9–11 under fourth finger and 15–17 under fourth toe. (from Pham et al. 2015)

Coloration in alcohol. Dorsum silver gray, with a dark vertebral stripe; upper lateral zone with a distinct reddish band from behind the eye to hind limb, with some light spots; the lower edge broken in somes small black dots; venter and underside of tail base cream or whitish. For coloration in life see Fig. 5. (from Pham et al. 2015) 
CommentHas been considered as synonym of S. reevesii. 
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Bourret,R. 1937. Notes herpetologiques sur l'Indochine francaise. XII. Les lezards de la collection du Laboratoire des Sciences Naturelles de l'Universite. Descriptions de cinq especes nouvelles. XIII. Serpents... Bull. Gén. Instr. Pub. Hanoi (May 1937): 1-22; 23-39
  • Eremchenko, V. K 2003. Generic and specific redefinition and redescription of the North-Vietnam skink (Scincella melanosticta (Boulenger, 1887). Izvestiya Vuzov (= Proceedings of Universitities and Institutes), Bishkek, (1-2): 20-28
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Neang, Thy; Somaly Chan, Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr.. 2018. A new species of smooth skink (Squamata: Scincidae: Scincella) from Cambodia. Zoological Research, DOI: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.008 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Anh Van Pham, Hoang Van Tu, Tan Van Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler 2018. New records and an updated list of lizards from Son La Province, Vietnam. Herpetology Notes 11: 209-216 - get paper here
  • Ouboter P E 1986. A revision of the genus Scincella (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) of Asia, with some notes on its evolution. Zoologische Verhandelingen (229): 1-66 - get paper here
  • Pham A, Le D, Nguyen S, Ziegler T, Nguyen T 2015. New provincial records of skinks (Squamata: Scincidae) from northwestern Vietnam. Biodiversity Data Journal 3: e4284; doi: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e4284 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer 2002. From Sphenomorphus to Lipinia: Generic reassignment of two poorly known New Guinea skinks. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 148-156 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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