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Scincella rara (DAREVSKY & ORLOV, 1997)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Double subdigital-pads skink 
SynonymParalipinia rara DAREVSKY & ORLOV 1997
Scincella rara — GREER & SHEA 2003
Paralipinia rara — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Paralipinia rara — BAIN & HURLEY 2011
Scincella rara — HEDGES 2014
Scincella rara — NEANG et al. 2018 

Type locality: Buoenloy Anhche district, Gi-Lai province, Vietnam (14° 20' N, 108° 36'E) 750 m elevation (only found at the type locality).  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 252010 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): DAREVSKY & ORLOV 1997: 323. 
CommentA small lygosomine skink, from tropical rain forests of southern Vietnam, differs primarily from other Asiatic scincids in having a double rows of subdigital pads. There are presumably associated with its arboreal mode of life. Other scale characters allow placement of the new monotypic genus close to the lygosomine genera Lipinia Gray and Scincella Mittleman (group 1 of Greer, 1974).

Synonymy: Paralipinia, with double rows of subdigital lamellae on basal fingers and toes, was synonymized with Scincella by Greer & Shea (2003) based on the secondary temporal scale overlap pattern (lower scale overlapping upper one). NGUYEN et al (2010) consider Paralipinia as a valid genus though.

Type species: Paralipinia rara DAREVSKY & ORLOV 1997 is the type species of the genus Paralipinia DAREVSKY & ORLOV 1997.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe species name is derived from the Latin word "rarus", rare. 
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Darevsky, I. S. and N. L. Orlov. 1997. A new genus and species of scincid lizard from Vietnam: First asiatic skink with double rows of basal subdigital pads. Journal of Herpetology 31 (3): 323-326 - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E.; Shea, Glenn. 2003. Secondary Temporal Scale Overlap Pattern: A Character of Possible Broad Systematics Importance in Sphenomorphine Skinks. Journal of Herpetology 37 (3): 545-549 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nguyen, T.Q; Nguyen, V.S.; Böhme, W. & Ziegler, T. 2010. A new species of Scincella (Squamata: Scincidae) from Vietnam . Folia Zool. 59 (2): 115– 121 - get paper here
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