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Scincella silvicola (TAYLOR, 1937)

IUCN Red List - Scincella silvicola - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesS: Correlón
E: Taylor’s Ground Skink 
SynonymLeiolopisma silvicolum TAYLOR 1937: 5
Scincella silvicola — MITTLEMAN 1950: 20
Scincella silvicola — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 158
Scincella silvicola — GREER 1974: 7
Scincella silvicola — LINER 1994
Scincella silvicola — GARCIA-VÁZQUEZ & FERIA-ORTIZ 2006
Scincella silvicola silvicola — GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2010
Scincella silvicola — LINKEM et al. 2011
Scincella silvicola — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2016: 131 
DistributionMexico (atlantic slopes in C Veracruz and in the headwaters of the Rio Papaloapam in Oaxaca, Quéretaro, Hidalgo, Tamaulipas, Puebla, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, Guanajuato).

Type locality: Forested hill about 10 miles southeast of Córdoba, near San Lorenzo, Veracruz.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 100008 (fide SHEA & GREER 2002); was: EHT-HMS 10033 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A member of the "Oligosoma" group, having two fronto-parietals, Interparietal enclosed by parietals. Scales in 30-32 rows around middle of body, 38-40 about axillary region; lateral scales smaller than dorsals which in turn are smaller than ventrals; 20 lamellae under longest toe; normally two pairs of nuchals, anterior not in contact with the upper secondary temporal; limbs pentadactyl, elongate; when adpressed they overlap somewhat more than length of longest toe; posterior loreal higher than long. Ear opening large, round, smaller than eye opening; tympanum deeply sunk; frontal shorter than frontoparietals and interparietals together. Above brown,with a light dorsolateral line interrupted by dark brown dots. A rather distinct, lateral, dark brown stripe, punctated with small, rounded, dull cream spots; uniform cream-white below, without pigment or metallic reflections, save a few dark spots on latter half of tail (Taylor 1937).

Color: Above, dark olive-brown to bronzy brown, with numerous minute darker flecks, not showing any tendency to form lines; a very indistinct, narrow, dorsolateral, light line on middle of fourth scale row, interrupted irregularlybydarkspots. Belowlightlineisabroad,darkbrownorblackish stripe, with numerous lighter dots, covering two whole rows and two half-scale rows; the five scale rows below the stripe are pigmented with ashy-gray; a few scattered dark brown spots on the side; a light area in superciliary region and greater part of eyelid pigmentless; lips light with darker areas on sutures; limbs light tan above, with numerous irregular blackish flecks; undersurfaceof hands and feet dark; a very indistinct light line from eye through the ear to arm, crossing about middle of ear; under surface of body and limbs creamy white; tail lighter brown than body (Taylor 1937). 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for San Luis Potosí by Lemos-Espinal et al. 2018 (checklist SLP). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is derived from the Latin words silva, meaning "forest" and-cola, meaning "an inhabitant." 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Canseco-Márquez, L., & Gutiérrrez-Mayén, M.G. 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán. Comisión Nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, México D.F., Mexico, 302 pp - get paper here
  • Clause, Adam G., Uri Omar García-Vázquez, Malcolm A. Greeley and Gary R. Clause. 2015. Scincella silvicola (Taylor's ground skink) arboreality. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 438 - get paper here
  • Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A, Pineda-López R, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Rocha A, Fucsko LA, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Querétaro, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(1) [General Section]: 148–192 (e308) - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • García-Vázquez, Canseco-Márquez & Nieto-Montes de Oca 2010. A New Species of Scincella (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, Coahuila, Mexico. Copeia 2010 (3): 373-381 - get paper here
  • Garcia-Vázquez, U. & Feria-Ortiz, M. 2006. Scincidos de México. Reptilia (Spain) (62): 78-83
  • Garcia-Vázquez, U. & Feria-Ortiz, M. 2006. Skinks of Mexico. Reptilia (GB) (49): 74-79 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2016. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico, with comparison with adjoining states. ZooKeys 593: 117-137, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.593.8484 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Cruz A 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. ZooKeys 594: 123-141, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.594.8289 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique A, Mata-Silva V, Báez-Montes O, Fucsko LA, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Rocha A, Johnson JD, Porras LW, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Guanajuato, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(2) [General Section: 133–180 (e321) - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M. B. 1950. The generic status of Scincus lateralis Say, 1823. Herpetologica 6 (2): 17-24 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer 2002. From Sphenomorphus to Lipinia: Generic reassignment of two poorly known New Guinea skinks. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 148-156 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobert M.;Auth, David L.;Chiszar, David 1997. Juvenile tail color in Taylor's ground skink (Scincella silvicola). Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 32 (10): 213 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1937. Two new lizards of the genus Leiolopisma from Mexico, with comments on another Mexican species. Copeia 1937 (1): 5-11 - get paper here
  • Tepos-Ramírez M, Garduño-Fonseca FS, Peralta-Robles CA, García-Rubio OR, Cervantes Jiménez R 2023. Annotated checklist of amphibians and reptiles from Querétaro, Mexico, including new records, and comments on controversial species. Check List 19(2): 269-292 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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