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Scincus conirostris BLANFORD, 1881

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Sandfish Skink
G: Apothekerskink 
SynonymScincus conirostris BLANFORD 1881: 677
Scincus muscatensis WERNER 1895
Scincus conirostris — ANDERSON 1896: 49
Scincus conirostris — SCHMIDT 1939
Scincus gasperetti HAAS 1957
Scincus scincus conirostris — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1977: 221
Scincus conirostris — BROWN 1984
Scincus scincus conirostris — SCHÄTTI & GASPERETTI 1994
Scincus scincus conirostris — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Scincus scincus conirostris — AL-SADOON et al. 2016
Scincus conirostris — ŠMÍD et al. 2020 
DistributionSaudi Arabia, Iran, Oman, United Arab Emirates

Type locality: “Tangyak, 7 miles south of Bushire”  
TypesHolotype: CAS 84519 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A subspecies of S. scincus differing from other populations in the following combination of features: snout often rather short and not as spatulate as in other forms, head frequently quite broad in large animals, rostral and loreals nearly always separated from frontonasal. Adults have fine, dappled dorsal pattern of lighter and darker spots, often interspersed with light, sometimes translucent scales that are yellow or orange in life and are frequently arranged in short irregular transverse bars. No dark vertical bars or spots present on flanks. (Arnold & Leviton 1977) 
CommentDistribution: see map in Seufer et al. 2022. 
  • Al-Sadoon, Mohammed K., Bilal Ahmad Paray, Hamad S. Al-Otaibi 2016. Survey of the reptilian fauna of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. V. The lizard fauna of Turaif region. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.04.005 - get paper here
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp. - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1881. On a collection of Persian reptiles recently added to the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 671-682 - get paper here
  • Brown, J.N.B. 1984. Skinks in the UAE. Bulletin of the Emirates Natural History Group 22: - get paper here
  • Carranza, Salvador; Johannes Els; Bernat Burriel-Carranza 2021. A field guide to the reptiles of Oman. Madrid : Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 223 pp. [review in HR 53 (3): 531] - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Seufer, Hermann; Thomas Kowalski, Berd-Michael Zwanzig & Wolfgang Grossmann 2022. Ein bisher übersehener Fundort von Scincus conirostris Blanford, 1881 im Sultanat Oman. [A hitherto overlooked locality of Scincus conirostris Blanford, 1881 in the Sultanate of Oman] Sauria 44 (4): 43-48
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Šmíd, J., Uvizl, M., Shobrak, M., AlGethami, R. H. M., Algethami, A. R., Alanazi, A. S. K., ... & Carranza, S. 2020. Swimming through the sands of the Sahara and Arabian deserts: Phylogeny of sandfish skinks (Scincidae, Scincus) reveals a recent and rapid diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 155: 107012 [online 2020, print 2021] - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1894. Zweiter Beitrag zur Herpetologie von Ost-Algerien. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 44: 75-87 - get paper here
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