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Scincus hemprichii WIEGMANN, 1837

IUCN Red List - Scincus hemprichii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymScincus hemprichii WIEGMANN 1837: 128
Pedorychus (Scincus) Hemprichii — PETERS 1864: 44
Scincus hemprichi — BOETTGER 1892
Scincus hemprichii — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 233
Scincus hemprichii — FRITZ & SCHÜTTE 1988
Scincus hemprichii — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Scincus hemprichii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionYemen, SW Saudi Arabia

Type locality: Massaua, Abyssinien (probably in error fide ARNOLD 1986). Most likely “southern Tihama near jizan in Saudi Arabia or the vicinity of al-Luhayyah on the Yemen coast” (fide SCHÄTTI & GÜNTHER 2001).  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 1179 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Head large and broad ; external ear orifice minute, placed well below the level of the line made by the lower edges of the upper labial scales, and completely hidden by a large, smooth-edged scale ; eye with large cornea and a pupil that is vertically slit-shaped when contracted. Rostral scale separated from frontonasal by internasals; frontoparietals in limited contact or separated; parietals large (usually about twice the length of adjoining nuchals, or more). Dorsal scales ridged in adults ; mid-dorsals often distinctly larger than mid-ventrals; 22 -24 scales around mid-body. Dorsal pattern of adults and young consists of narrow, pale transverse bands on brownish ground; no dark bars or spots present on flanks. Auditory meatus quite long with at most a few scale vestiges distally and, proximally, a short triangular cartilage in its lateral wall. Extrastapes large and ovoid. Premaxillary rostrum short. Otic capsule huge, squamosal sharply flexed, its upper border forming a distinct spur posteriorly. Distal section of supratemporal process of parietal narrowed, terminating well above level of ventral tip of squamosal. (Arnold & Leviton 1977) 
CommentIllustrated on Plate IV.1 in Tornier 1899.

Distribution: see map in Seufer et al. 2022. 
EtymologyNamed after Wilhelm Friedrich Hemprich (1796-1825), German naturalist. 
  • Anderson, John 1901. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained by Mr. A. Blayney Percival in southern Arabia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1901 (2): 137-152 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1986. A key and annotated checklist to the lizards and amphisbaenians of Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 8: 385-435
  • Arnold, Edwin Nicholas & Leviton, Alan E. 1977. A revision of the lizard genus Scincus (Reptilia: Scincidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 31 (5): 187-248 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1892. Mitteilung über eine Reptiliensendung von Aden in Süd-Arabien. Ber. Tät. Offenb. Ver. Nat., Offenbach, 29 - 32: 61-63 - get paper here
  • Fritz,J.P. & Schütte,F. 1988. Skinke aus der Arabischen Republik Jemen. Salamandra 24 (1): 41-52 - get paper here
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Khayrah, Y. & Fathy, Samah M. 2022. Biodiversity and Distribution of Lizards in Jazan area, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences, B. Zoology 14(1): 249-259 - get paper here
  • Paray, Bilal A.; Abdul Rahman Al-Mfarij, Mohammed K. Al-Sadoon 2017. Food Habits of the Arabian skink, Scincus hemprichii Wiegmann, 1837, (Sauria: Scincidae), in the Southwest Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1864. Die Eidechsenfamilie der Scincoiden, insbesondere über die Schneider'schen, Wiegmann'schen und neue Arten des zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1864: 44-58 - get paper here
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Schätti,B. & Günther, R. 2001. Type localities opf amphibian and reptile species collected by Hemprich and Ehrenberg in sothwestern Arabia and Eritrea. Mitt. Mus. Naturk. Berlin Zool. Reihe 77: 153-156 - get paper here
  • Seufer, Hermann; Thomas Kowalski, Berd-Michael Zwanzig & Wolfgang Grossmann 2022. Ein bisher übersehener Fundort von Scincus conirostris Blanford, 1881 im Sultanat Oman. [A hitherto overlooked locality of Scincus conirostris Blanford, 1881 in the Sultanate of Oman] Sauria 44 (4): 43-48
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, Franz 1903. Batrachier und Reptilien von Südarabien und Sokotra, gesammelt während der südarabischen Expedition der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-naturwiss. Kl., 112, Abt. 1: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Tornier,G. 1899. Reptilia. In: Carlgren,O., Hilgendorf,F., Martens, E. von, Matschie, P., Tornier, G., & Weltner, W. (eds.). Symbolae physicae seu icones adhuc ineditae corporum naturalium novorum aut minus cognitorum quae ex itineribus per Libyam, Aegyptum, Nubiam,k G. Reimer, Berlin. - get paper here
  • Wiegmann, A. F. A. 1837. Herpetologische Notizen. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 3: 123-136 - get paper here
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