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Scriptosaura catimbau RODRIGUES & MARANHÃO DOS SANTOS, 2008

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymScriptosaura catimbau RODRIGUES & MARANHÃO DOS SANTOS 2008 
DistributionNE Brazil (Pernambuco)

Type locality: Fazenda Porto Seguro (08°29’13’’S, 37°16’52’’W), municipality of Buíque, Parque Nacional do Catimbau: State of Pernambuco: Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 98059, an adult male, collected on 7th March 2008 by Miguel T. Rodrigues and Ednilza Maranhão dos Santos. Paratypes: MZUSP. 
CommentType Species: Scriptosaura catimbau RODRIGUES & MARANHÃO DOS SANTOS 2008 is the type species of the genus Scriptosaura RODRIGUES & MARANHÃO DOS SANTOS 2008.

Definition of genus: An elongate and short tailed gymnophthalmid lacking an ear opening and eyelid. Forelimbs absent, hindlimbs rudimentary, styliform, ending in a short apical scale; nail absent. Frontonasal single; prefrontals, frontal, frontoparietals, supraoculars, and loreal absent. Parietals longer than wide, contacting frontal. Nostril in the center of nasal. Collar fold absent. One pair of chin shields. Dorsal scales cycloid anteriorly, posteriorly smooth, hexagonal, keeled and slightly mucronate, in regular transverse series; lateral scales enlarged, smooth. Ventral scales smooth, in four regular transverse series, the external ones wider. Males with four preanal pores, absent in females.

EtymologyEtymology (genus): From the Latin “scriptor” = writer, and “saura” = lizard in reference to the sand tracks left by this sand swimming species. The tracks are in the origin of its popular name (escrivão = public writer) which is also attributed to other similar sand swimming lizards like those of the related genera Calyptommatus and Nothobachia.

Etymology: A noun in apposition, in reference to the type locality, Parque Nacional do Catimbau. 
  • Rodrigues, M.T. & Dos Santos, E.M. 2008. A new genus and species of eyelid-less and limb reduced gymnophthalmid lizard from northeastern Brazil (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Zootaxa 1873: 50–60 - get paper here
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