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Sibon longifrenis (STEJNEGER, 1909)

IUCN Red List - Sibon longifrenis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Stejneger's Snail Sucker, Lichen-colored Snail Sucker 
SynonymMesopeltis longifrenis STEJNEGER 1909
Leptognathus longifrenis — WERNER 1910: 284
Dipsas costaricensis TAYLOR 1951
Sibon longifrenis — MCCRANIE et al. 2001
Sibon longifrenis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 668
Sibon longifrenis — SUNYER & MARTÍNEZ-FONSECA 2023 
DistributionPanama, Costa Rica, Honduras (McCranie et al. 2001), Nicaragua

Type locality: Bocas del Toro, Isla de Colon, Prov. Bocas del Toro, Panama.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 38750 
CommentSynonymized with S. dimidiata by KOFRON 1990 (since some of KOFRON’s synonymizations weren’t followed by other authors we keep longifrenis separate too for the time being).

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Abarca, Juan G.; Diego A. Gómez Hoyos, Rocío Seisdedos-de-Vergara, and Alejandro Quesada Murillo 2019. Defensive behavior in Stejneger’s Snail Sucker, Sibon longifrenis (Serpentes: Dipsadidae). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 26 (2): 100–101 - get paper here
  • Baaijen, Wouter, Daniel Ramírez-Arce, Jonathan Vegacota, Ajejandro Zúñiga, Katherine González and Jorge M. De La O. 2015. Sibon longifrenis (drab snail-eater) aggregation. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 649-650 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hilje B, Chaves G, Klank J, Timmerman F, Feltham J, Gillingwater S, Piraino T, Rojas E 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Tirimbina Biological Reserve: a baseline for conservation, research and environmental education in a lowland tropical wet forest in Costa Rica. Check List 16(6): 1633-1655 - get paper here
  • JUSTINEK, UWE 2020. Für 6 Tage auf Schlangensuche in Costa Rica. Ophidia 14 (1): 15-26
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, Gunther, Joseph Vargas, Johannes J. Köhler and Milan Vesel´y. 2013. Noteworthy distributional records of amphibians and reptiles from Costa Rica. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 280-283 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther, Sebastian Lotzkat and Andreas Hertz. 2010. A new species of Sibon (Squamata: Colubridae) from western Panama. Herpetologica 66 (1): 80-85 - get paper here
  • Lewis, T.R. 2009. Sibon longifrenis (drab snail-eater) reproduction. Herpetological Review 40 (1): 103 - get paper here
  • Lewis, Todd R.; Rowland K. Griffin, Paul B. C. Grant, Alex Figueroa, Julie M. Ray, Kirsty E. Graham, and Gabriel David 2013. Morphology and ecology of Sibon snakes (Squamata: Dipsadidae) from two Neotropical forests in Mesoamerica. Phyllomedusa 12 (1): 47-55 - get paper here
  • Lotzkat, S.; A. Hertz; G. Köhler. 2012. A new species of Sibon (Squamata: Colubroidea: Dipsadidae) from the Cordillera Central of western Panama, with comments on other species of the genus in the area. Zootaxa 3485: 26–40 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie,J.R.; Wilson,L.D. & Gotte,S.W. 2001. Three new country records for Handuran snakes. Herpetological Review 32: 62-63 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of the subfamily Dipsadinae. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (114): 224 pp. - get paper here
  • Ray, Julie M. and Patty Ruback 2015. Updated checklists of snakes for the provinces of Panamá and Panamá Oeste, Republic of Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 168-188 - get paper here
  • Ray, Julie M.; Chad E. Montgomery, Heidi K. Mahon, Alan H. Savitzky, and Karen R. Lips 2012. Goo-Eaters: Diets of the Neotropical Snakes Dipsas and Sibon in Central Panama. Copeia 2012 (2): 197-202. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Savage,J.M. & McDiarmid,R.W. 1992. Rediscovery of the Central American colubrid snake, Sibon argus, with comments on related species from the region. Copeia 1992 (2): 421-432 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1909. Description of a new snake from Panama. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 36: 457-458 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier & José́ Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca 2023. An updated country checklist to the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. REVISTA NICARAGÜENSE DE BIODIVERSIDAD (100): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1951. A brief review ot the snakes of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (1): 3-188 - get paper here
  • VERA-PÉREZ, LUIS ENRIQUE 2019. A new species of Sibon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Southwestern Colombia. Zootaxa 4701 (5): 443–453 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1910. Neue oder seltenere Reptilien des Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique in Brüssel. [Mabuia dolloi, Mabuia polylepis]. Zool. Jb. Abt. Syst. Okol. Geogr. 28 [1909]: 263-288. - get paper here
  • Zipkin, Elise F.; Graziella V. DiRenzo, Julie M. Ray, Sam Rossman, Karen R. Lips 2020. Tropical snake diversity collapses after widespread amphibian loss. Science 367: 814–816 - get paper here
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