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Sinomicrurus annularis (GÜNTHER, 1864)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: MacClelland’s Coral Snake
G: MacClellands Korallenotter
Chinese: 环纹华珊瑚蛇 
SynonymCallophis [sic] annularis GÜNTHER 1864: 349
Callophis [sic] annularis — GÜNTHER 1888: 171
Callophis maclellandi — SCLATER 1891: 56 (in part)
Callophis macclellandii — WALL 1903: 97 (in part)
Callophis Mac Clellandi — VAILLANT 1904: 298
Callophis macclellandi macclellandi — WALL 1908b: 37 (in part)
Calliophis macclellandii — STEJNEGER 1907: 391 (in part)
Callophis macclellandi — WALL 1918: 628, 631 (in part)
Calliophis macclellandi — MELL 1922: 7, 9, 229
Calliophis macclellandi — WALL 1925b: 244 (in part)
Callophis macclellandi swinhoei — BOURRET 1934c
Calliophis macclellandii macclellandii — BOURRET 1935a
Hemibungarus macclellandi macclellandi — GOLAY et al., 1993: 142 (in part)
Hemibungarus macclellandi — LU et al., 1999: 234
Sinomicrurus macclellandi — SLOWINSKI et al., 2001: 233
Hemibungarus macclellandii macclellandii — KABISCH 2002: 973
Sinomicrurus macclellandi macclellandi — ZHAO 2006: 299 (in part)
Sinomicrurus macclellandii — SMITH et al., 2012: 54
Sinomicrurus macclellandi sensu lato — MIRZA et al., 2020: 105
Sinomicrurus annularis — SMART et al. 2021 
DistributionChina

Type locality: restricted to Hong Kong Island by Smart et al. 2021.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1948.1.18.3, adult male [original number BMNH 61.8.12.48; 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Based on 51 individuals (35 males, 16 females) exam-
ined by us and variation recorded from literature when sex was given (See Appendix 2); relatively small species of Sinomicrurus (1) SVL 199– 616 mm (mean 374.5 mm) in males, 217–560 mm (mean 384.5 mm) females; (2) temporals 1+1; (3) no maxillary teeth behind fangs, palatine teeth 4–7, pterygoid teeth 3–4, dentary teeth 6–11; (4) supralabials 7/7 (holotype 6/6), contacting eye 3–4; (5) infralabials 6/6 (4 large, equal sized chin-shields, gular 1, preventrals 3); (6) postoculars 2; (7) nuchal-band width 1–3.3 scales in males, 1.3–4 scales in females; (8) black body bands 1–39 in males, 0–35 in females; (9) small paired contralateral black spots, occupying less than one full scale, often present in-between black bands on dorsum; (10) ventrals 194–220 in males, 202–228 in females; (11) anal divided; (12) paired subcaudals 26–38 in males, 24–34 in females; (13) tail bands 0–7 in males, 0–6 in females; (14) relative tail length (TL/SVL) 0.09–0.14 (mean 0.12) in males, 0.08–0.12 (mean 0.10) in females (Smart et al. 2021: 2230). 
CommentSynonymy: mostly from Smart et al. 2021 who resurrected Sinomicrurus annularis from the synonymy of Sinomicrurus macclellandi. See that paper also for references.

Distribution: for a map of localities see Smart et al. 2021: 2231 (Fig. 7). 
References
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Smart, U., Ingrasci, M. J., Sarker, G. C., Lalremsanga, H., Murphy, R. W., Ota, H., Tu, M. C., Shouche, Y., Orlov, N. L., & Smith, E. N. 2021. A comprehensive appraisal of evolutionary diversity in venomous Asian coralsnakes of the genus Sinomicrurus (Serpentes: Elapidae) using Bayesian coalescent inference and supervised machine learning. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 59, 2212–2277 - get paper here
 
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