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Sinomicrurus sauteri (STEINDACHNER, 1913)

IUCN Red List - Sinomicrurus sauteri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Oriental Coral Snake 
SynonymOligodon sauteri STEINDACHNER 1913: 219
Hemibungarus matsudai OSHIMA 1920: 21
Hemibungaus [sic] matsudai — TAKAHASHI 1930
Hemibungarus sauteri sauteri — MAKI 1931: 162
Hemibungarus sauteri — POPE 1935: 344
Calliophis japonicus sauteri — LOVERIDGE 1946: 153 (part.)
Calliophis sauteri — TAKARA 1962: 138 (part.)
Calliophis sauteri sauteri — KLEMMER 1963: 285
Calliophis japonicus sauteri — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Calliophis japonicus — GANS 1978: 18 (part.)
Calliophis (Hemibungarus) sauteri — LUE 1989: 39 (part.)
Hemibungarus japonicus sauteri — TORIBA in GOLAY et al. 1993: 141
Micrurus japonicus sauteri — WELCH 1994: 85 (part.)
Hemibungarus sauteri — OTA, ITO & LIN 1999
Sinomicrurus sauteri — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Calliophis sauteri — LILLYWHITE 2014: 28
Sinomicrurus sauteri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 676
Sinomicrurus sauteri — SMART et al. 2021

Sinomicrurus sauteri hatori (TAKAHASHI 1930)
Calliophis hatori TAKAHASHI 1930: 139
Hemibungarus sauteri hatorii — MAKI 1931: 164
Hemibungarus sauteri — OSHIMA 1944: 214 (part.)
Calliophis japonicus sauteri — LOVERIDGE 1946: 153
Hemibungarus sauteri hatori — WANG & WANG 1956: 65
Calliophis sauteri — TAKARA 1962: 138 (part.)
Calliophis sauteri hatori — KLEMMER 1963: 285
Calliophis japonicus — GANS 1978: 18 (part.)
Calliophis (Hemibungarus) sauteri — LUE 1989: 39
Hemibungarus japonicus sauteri — TORIBA in GOLAY et al. 1993: 141
Micrurus japonicus sauteri — WELCH 1994: 85 (part.)
Hemibungarus hatori — OTA, ITO & LIN 1999
Sinomicrurus hatori — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Sinomicrurus hatori — WALLACH et al. 2014: 676 
DistributionS/C Taiwan

Type locality: “Suishario, Formosa”

hatori: NE Taiwan; Type locality: “Karenk, Formosa” [=Taiwan].  
TypesHolotype: NMW 19788
Holotype: KUZ ? (Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. no. a, K. Kodaira, Feb. 1927); not designated but “formerly in Taiwan Library” fide WALLACH et al. 2014: 676 [hatori] 

Synonymy: mainly after OTA et al. 1999. The status of hatori has been controversial, with both considered valid species, subspecies (of sauteri) or synonyms, due to the lack of unambiguous diagnostic characters and a genetic distance smaller than what is typical between established sister species in this group (Smart et al. 2021).

Based on consistent differences in meristics and color pattern (i.e., S. hatori presents lateral white-margined black bars and has fewer ventrals, while S. sauteri is free of lateral bars and has a larger number of ventrals), especially in the context of purported parapatry, Ota et al. (1999) assumed the presence of reproductive isolation between the two taxa and decided to treat them as separate species. Smart et al. 2021 synonymized hatori with sauteri, but given the 2% genetic difference (in cytb), these populations may be in the process of speciation.

NCBI taxonomy ID: 1615764 [hatori] 
EtymologyProbably named after Dr. Hans Sauter (1871-1943), a German entomologist who collected in Taiwan. Steindachner doesn’t explain the etynology or mention any Sauter in his (short) description.

S. s. hatori was named after S. Hatori, a Japanese herpetologist in Formosa (Taiwan) which was a Japanese possession until the early 20th century. 
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