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Siphlophis leucocephalus (GÜNTHER, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Siphlophis leucocephalus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Common Spotted Night Snake
Portuguese: Cobra-Cipó, Dormideira 
SynonymLeptodira leucocephalus GÜNTHER 1863: 23
Lycognathus rhombeatus — BOULENGER 1896: 58
Siphlophis leucocephalus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 281
Siphlophis leucocephalus — ZAHER & PRUDENTE 1999
Siphlophis leucocephalus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 679
Siphlophis leucocephalus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Goias, Minas Gerais)

Type locality: Bahia, Brazil  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.9.7.25 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentHabitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • De Carvalho, B.T., Filho, L.M.C. & Argolo, A.J.S. 2017. Siphlophis leucocephalus (Common Spotted Night Snake) Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 867-868 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • GUEDES, THAÍS B.; CRISTIANO NOGUEIRA & OTAVIO A. V. MARQUES 2014. Diversity, natural history, and geographic distribution of snakes in the Caatinga, Northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 3863 (1): 001–093 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1863. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 11: 20-25 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Solé, Mirco 2018. Die Entdeckung neuer Bromelienfrösche im Süden von Bahia. Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (1): 50-53 [2017] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher,H. & Prudente, L.C. 1999. Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis in Siphlophis and Tripanurgos. Journal of Herpetology 33 (4): 698-702 - get paper here
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