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Sphaerodactylus altavelensis NOBLE, 1933

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis enriquilloensis SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis lucioi THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1983
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis altavelensis NOBLE & HASSLER 1933 
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Desert Geckolet, Alto Velo Least Gecko, Alto Velo sphaero 
SynonymSphaerodactylus altavelensis NOBLE & HASSLER 1933: 7
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis — COCHRAN 1941
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis altavelensis — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1983
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 464
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis — RÖSLER 2000: 110

Sphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus brevirostratus brevirostratus SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975:143
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1983
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 167
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Sphaerodactylus altavelensis enriquilloensis SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus brevirostratus enriquilloensis SHREVE 1968
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis enriquilloensis — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975:143
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis enriquilloensis — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1983
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis enriquilloensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 167
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis enriquilloensis — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Sphaerodactylus altavelensis lucioi THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1983: 94
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis lucioi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 167
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis lucioi — DE LISLE et al. 2013 
DistributionHispaniola, Alta Velo, Dominican Republic, Haiti (Department de l'Ouest, Indepedencia Province), Ile a Cabrit

Type locality: “Alta Vela Island, Dominican Republic”

brevirostratus: Haiti; Type-locality: 5 km S Dufort, south of Leogane, Departement de l'Ouest, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 51488.
Holotype. MCZ 156208, adult male, collected 9 July 1978 by native collectors. Paratypes ASFS [lucioi]
Holotype: MCZ 57846, a male, collected by Clayton E. Ray and A. Stanley Rand, August 22, 1958. Paratypes: AMNH, MCZ [enriquilloensis]
Holotype: MCZ 63234, a female, collected by A. Stanley Rand and James D. Lazell, Jr., July 31, 1960. Paratypes: AMNH, MCZ, USNM [brevirostratus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 28 mm, in females to 29 mm); dorsals
large, acute, strongly keeled, flattened, imbricate, axilla to groin 20-36; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 22-32; dorsal caudal scales keeled, acute, imbricate, flat-lying, ventral caudal scales smooth, cycloid, enlarged midventrally; snout blunt, not depressed or decurved; snout scales moderate, rounded, keeled, juxtaposed, cobble-like to weakly raised on posterior edge, or weakly imbricate; 2 postnasals; 0-3 inter- nasals; upper labials to mideye 3; central gular scales smooth to keeled; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 36-62; escutcheon with broad central area and extensions onto thighs to underside of knee, 3-8 x 11-27. Pattern weakly sexually dichromatic; males with yellow throat and reduced pattern, occasionally unicolor; pattern of paired light areas on upper surface of head, followed by second pair on occiput and neck; dark scapular patch and scapular ocelli surrounded by contin- uous light border (concave anteriorly, convex posteriorly); dorsal pattern dark- spotted or lineate, or combination of both; venter pale with dark lines; throat with dark lines or mottling; sacral pattern dorsolateral light and dark lines; tail with dark middorsal zone and series of irregular ocelli (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 464). 
CommentFor illustrations see Shreve, 1968 (as S. brevirostratus brevirostratus); Thomas and Schwartz, 1983; Thomas and Hedges, 1988. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cunningham, Carol A.; Tulloch, John S.; Powell, Robert 1993. Food habits of four Hispaniolan species of Sphaerodactylus (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae). Herpetological Natural History 1 (2): 1-10
  • Jäger, F. 2006. Reisetipp für Leguanfreunde: Der Lago Enriquillo im Süden Dominikanischen Republik. Iguana Rundschreiben 19 (1): 9-16
  • Noble, G. K. and W. G. Hassler 1933. Two new species of frogs, five new species and a new race of lizards from the Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 652: 1-17. - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Shreve, B. 1968. The notatus group of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) in Hispaniola. Breviora (280): 1-28 - get paper here
  • Thomas R. and S. B. Hedges 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Martin Garcia of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 44: 96-104. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. and A. Schwartz. 1983. Variation in Hispaniolan Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae), In: A. G. J. Rhodin and K. Miyata (eds.), Advances in Herpetology and Evolutionary Biology. Essays in Honor of Ernest E. Williams. Museum of Comparative Zoology, pp. 86-98. - get paper here
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