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Sphaerodactylus armasi SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO, 1974

IUCN Red List - Sphaerodactylus armasi - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Guantanamo Coastal Geckolet, Guantanamo Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus armasi SCHWARTZ & GARRIDO 1974:339
Sphaerodactylus armasi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 468
Sphaerodactylus armasi — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus armasi — RÖSLER 2000: 110 
DistributionSE Cuba (Cabo Mais, Baracoa, Provinces Oriente, Guantanamo)

Type locality: Cabo Maisi, Baracoa, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: CZACC (= IZAC = IZ) 4089, paratype: CMN AR 15849 (Ottawa) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 28 mm, in females to 30 mm); dorsals small, almost granular, slightly keeled dorsolaterally, axilla to groin 45-60; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 29-41; dorsal caudal scales smooth, flat-lying, imbricate, acute, ventral caudal scales acute, imbricate, not enlarged midventrally; snout rather blunt, not depressed or decurved; snout scales small, narrow, flat, smooth, juxtaposed; 3 postnasals; 0-2 (mode 1) intemasals; upper labials to mideye 3-5 (mode 4); midbody scales 62-89; escutcheon 3-11 x 6-21. Sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) pale tan (as preserved) with very fine, darker tan to brownish stippling; no lineate head pattern in full adults but at times coarse brown to black head spotting, extending onto throat; dorsum (females) brownish gray to tan, with 5 pale bands derived from a series of anterior-to-posterior pale, elongate ocelli fused with each other laterally, each band bordered anteriorly and posteriorly by dark gray to black edging; bands scalloped or irregular to conform to fused nature of pale bandcenters; prominent pair of pale postsacral ocelli; head pattern lineate and simple, a pair of canthal-postocular dark lines, fusing to form occipital band, canthal portion of line often expanded to blacken entire loreal region; occasionally with a vague, dark occipital U included between canthal-postocular lines; juveniles patterned like females, but pattern more regular and less diffuse (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 468). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Luis F. de Armas (b. 1945), a Cuban zoologist, arachnologist, and herpetologist. 
  • Alfonso, Yasel U.; Pierre Charruau, Gabriel Fajardo and Alberto R. Estrada. 2012. Interspecific communal oviposition and reproduction of three lizard species in Southeastern Cuba. Herpetology Notes 5: 73-77.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Fong, A. & Diaz 2004. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the southeastern coast of Cuba. Solenodon 4: 73-84
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and O. H. Garrido. 1974. A new Cuban species of Sphaerodactylus (Gekkonidae) of the nigropunctatus complex. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 87: 337-343. - get paper here
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