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Sphaerodactylus clenchi SHREVE, 1968

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus clenchi apocoptus SCHWARTZ 1983
Sphaerodactylus clenchi clenchi SHREVE 1968 
Common NamesE: Orange-spotted Geckolet, Peninsula Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus clenchi SHREVE 1968: 21
Sphaerodactylus clenchii — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 171
Sphaerodactylus clenchi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 478
Sphaerodactylus clenchi — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus clenchi — RÖSLER 2000: 111
Sphaerodactylus clenchi clenchi — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Sphaerodactylus clenchi apocoptus SCHWARTZ 1983
Sphaerodactylus clenchi apocoptus SCHWARTZ 1983
Sphaerodactylus clenchi apocoptus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 171
Sphaerodactylus clenchi apocoptus — DE LISLE et al. 2013 
DistributionDominican Republic, Hispaniola

Type locality: “Samana [= Santa Barbara de Samana], Samana, Dominican Republic”

apocoptus: Dominican Republic (coastal Altagracia); Type locality: Playa El Coco, 46 km N Higüey, La Altagracia Province, Republica Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 43706
Holotype: USNM, adult female, collected by J.A. Rodgers and J.B. Strong on 13 june 1969. Paratypes: ASFS, CM, [apocoptus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 33 mm, in females to 32 mm); dorsals small, acute, strongly keeled, imbricate, flattened, axilla to groin 33-48; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 27-36; dorsal caudal scales weakly keeled, acute, imbricate, flat-lying, ventral caudal scales smooth, cycloid, enlarged midventrally; snout acuminate, not depressed or decurved; snout scales small, narrow, swollen, smooth, imbricate; 2 postnasals; 0-3 (strongly modally 1) internasals; upper labials to mideye 3-4 (strongly modally 3); gular scales smooth, occasionally weakly to strongly keeled; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 53-71; escutcheon with relatively narrow and compact central area and extensions onto thigh to near underside of knee, 3-7 x 16-30. Dorsal pattern weakly to moderately sexually dichromatic and variable between subspecies; dorsum (males) yellowish tan to brown, with scattered, dark brown flecks to dots and scattered, creamy to orange ocelli, giving coarse "salt-and-pepper" effect; no head pattern but upper surface of head often with scattered, dark brown flecks or dots; throat gray to yellow (not orange) with dark reticulum or scattered dots or flecks; venter grayish yellow or flesh; dorsum (females) like males; head either almost completely without pattern except for some vague, darker spots, or with a quadrilineate pattern of which inner 2 lines correspond to widely separated edges of the single median line in S. difficilis; scapular patch and ocelli absent (in both sexes); ventral color as in males; iris yellow to orange (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 478). 
EtymologyNamed for William J. Clench, the collector of the type. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cunningham, Carol A.; Tulloch, John S.; Powell, Robert 1993. Food habits of four Hispaniolan species of Sphaerodactylus (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae). Herpetological Natural History 1 (2): 1-10
  • Leuck, B.E., K.W. Hughes & H.Y. Cheng 1990. Social Displays of Experimentally Paired Dwarf Geckos (Sphaerodactylus clenchi) Journal of Herpetology 24 (4): 416-418. - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. 1983. Part 1. Sphaerodactylus difficilis, S. clenchi, and S. lazelli. Pp. 5-30. In: Schwartz, A., and R. Thomas. The difficilis complex of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) of Hispaniola. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History, (22): 1-60
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Shreve, B. 1968. The notatus group of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) in Hispaniola. Breviora (280): 1-28 - get paper here
  • Thomas R. and S. B. Hedges 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Martin Garcia of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 44: 96-104. - get paper here
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