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Sphaerodactylus cochranae RUIBAL, 1946

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Haitises Striped Geckolet, Cochran's Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus cochranae RUIBAL 1946:1
Sphaerodactylus cochranae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 480
Sphaerodactylus cochranae — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus cochranae — RÖSLER 2000: 111 
DistributionDominican Republic, Hispaniola

Type locality: Bahia de San Lorenzo, Hato Mayor Province, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 50233. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males ca. 30 mm, in females to 28 mm); dorsals large, acute, strongly keeled, flattened, imbricate, axilla to groin 20-23; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 20-26; dorsal caudal scales keeled, acute, imbricate, flat-lying, ventral caudal scales smooth, cycloid, imbricate, slightly enlarged midventrally; snout acuminate, not depressed or decurved; snout scales large, broad, flat, keeled, juxtaposed; 1 postnasal; 0-1 internasals; upper labials to mideye 3; gular scales smooth to keeled; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 38-41; escutcheon 5 x ?; pattern not sexually dichromatic; dorsum yellowish brown to tan, striped with 3 dark brown to black lines; scapular patch and ocelli absent; forelimbs patternless tan; hindlimbs with slightly reddish to orange spots; venter white to tan with pink on chest and near vent (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 480). 
CommentFor illustrations see Ruibal, 1946; Thomas and Schwartz, 1983.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThis name honors the late Doris M. Cochran, Division of Herpetology at the United States National Museum from 1919 to her retirement in 1968. She was officially given the titles Assistant Curator in 1927, Associate Curator in 1942, and Curator in 1956 (Adler, 1989). 
  • Adler, K. (ed.) 1989. Contributions to the history of herpetology. SSAR Contributions to Herpetology (5): 1-202
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Powell, R. and R. W. Henderson. 2008. Sphaerodactylus cochranae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (851): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert, José A. Ottenwalder, Sixto J. Incháustegui, Robert W. Henderson and Richard E. Glor. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of the Dominican Republic: Species of special concern. Oryx 34 (2): 118-128 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Ruibal, R. 1946. A new Sphaerodactylus from the Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 1308: 14 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas R. and S. B. Hedges 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Martin Garcia of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 44: 96-104. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R., and A. Schwartz. 1983. Part 2. Sphaerodactylus savagei, S. cochranae, S. darlingtoni, S. armstrongi, S. streptophorus, and conclusions. Pp. 31-60. In: Schwartz, A., and R. Thomas. The difficilis complex of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae) of Hispaniola. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History, (22) :1—60
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