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Sphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus THOMAS, 1966

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Shield-snouted Geckolet, Marche Leon Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus THOMAS 1966:1
Sphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 490
Sphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus — RÖSLER 2000: 111 
DistributionHispaniola: Haiti (Naco River/Cofradia)

Type locality: Ca. 5 km (airline) SSE Marché Léon, Département de la Grand'Anse, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 81119. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size very small (SVL in only female 17 mm); dorsals granular, sub-imbricate, keeled, more swollen on flanks than middorsally, axilla to groin 56; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals large, cycloid, flattened, smooth, imbricate (no count possible); dorsal caudal scales flattened, flat-lying, acute, keeled, imbricate, ventral caudal scales flattened, flat-lying, cycloid, smooth, midventral row enlarged; snout covered by large, plate-like scales (rostral, supra-nasals, postnasals, labials), scales on snout behind plates swollen, subimbricate to imbricate, keeled; gular scales granular; chest scales smooth; midbody scales uncountable; supralabials to mideye 3. Dorsum dark brown with dark-edged, orange-centered ocelli on body and tail; ocelli arranged in 6 irregular rows on body, those of dorsolateral rows largest and most prominent, those of paramedian and ventrolateral rows smaller and less distinct; head with pair of light, transversely elongate occipital markings, and faint pair of forked, dark postocular stripes; sacrum with pair of enlarged light diagonal markings whose dark margins unite to form sacral U; tail with 2 dorsal rows of ocelli; throat lightly pigmented, with longitudinal streaks but with light central area (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 490). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1966.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1966. A new Hispaniolan gecko. Breviora (253): 1-5. - get paper here
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