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Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus HALLOWELL, 1861

IUCN Red List - Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSpotted Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus millepunctatus HALLOWELL 1861: 480
Sphaerodactylus continentalis WERNER 1896
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus — TAYLOR 1956: 49
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus — WERMUTH 1965: 170
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus — HARRIS & KLUGE 1984: 17
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus — LINER 1994
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus — KÖHLER 2000: 51
Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus — MCCRANIE & HEDGES 2012: 73 
DistributionGuatemala, Belize, Nicaragua (incl. Isla de Maíz Grande), Honduras, Costa Rica (from the Mosquitia region of northeastern Honduras to northern Costa Rica), Mexico (Tabasco)

Type locality: Nicaragua. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: UMMZ 173053 
CommentDistribution: KÖHLER 2000 states “not on the Yucatan peninsula” but see map in LEE 1996: 180.

Synonymy: S. lineolatus, S. glaucus.

Relative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Diagnosis. Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus can be distinguished from S. continentalis in having slightly larger and fewer dorsal scales (42–57, x = 51.7 ± 5.0 in 15 S. millepunctatus versus 59–70, x = 63.5 ± 3.4 in 20 S. continentalis examined for this study; see Discussion and Appendix I). Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus differs from both S. guanajae and S. leonardovaldesi in lacking a short thin pale yellow line above each pelvis, in usually having distinct dorsal spots that are larger than one scale, and in usually having distinct dark stripes on the posterior end of the head and anterior portion of the body (versus short pale pelvic lines almost always present, only scattered dark spots on body that are confined to one scale, and indistinct dark stripes on head and body in those two species). Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus also differs from S. guanajae in having more subdigital lamellae on the fourth toe (9–12, x = 9.7 ± 0.8 on 30 sides versus 8–9, x = 8.6 ± 0.5 on 12 sides in S. guanajae) and also differs from S. leonardovaldesi in having larger dorsal scales (42–57, x = 51.7 ± 5.0 in 15 S. millepunctatus versus 58–66, x = 61.7 ± 2.7 in 13 S. leonardovaldesi). Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus also differs from S. continentalis, S. guanajae, and S. leonardovaldesi in molecular data (Fig. 1). Sphaerodactylus homolepis Cope also narrowly occurs sympatrically with S. millepunctatus in southeastern Nicaragua and adjacent northeastern Costa Rica, but S. homolepis has a single supranasal scale and has alternating median subcaudal scales (versus two supranasals and subcaudals aligned in a single series in S. millepunctatus) [from MCCRANIE & HEDGES 2012]. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Hallowell, E. 1861. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480 - 510 - get paper here
  • Harris D M; Kluge A G 1984. The Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) of Middle America. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan (No. 706): 1-59
  • Köhler, G. 1996. Additions to the known herpetofauna of the Isla de Utila (Islas de la Bahia, Honduras) with description of a new species of the genus Norops (Reptilia: Iguanidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 76 (1/2): 19-28.
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2001. Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus HALLOWELL. Sauria 23 (4): 2 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, Kirsten E., James R. McCranie and Gunther Köhler 2000. Herpetofaunal expedition to Parque Nacional Patuca: a newly established park in Honduras. Herpetological Bulletin (72): 26-31. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1896. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Reptilien und Batrachier von Centralamerika und Chile, sowie einiger seltenerer Schlangenarten. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich— Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 46: 344—365 - get paper here
 
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