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Sphaerodactylus nycteropus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ, 1977

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Haitian Flat-headed Geckolet, Morne Dubois Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus nycteropus THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1977: 41
Sphaerodactylus nycteropus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 516
Sphaerodactylus nycteropus — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus nycteropus — RÖSLER 2000: 113 
DistributionHispaniola: Haiti (Morne Cubois Peninsula)

Type locality: The eastern slope of the terminal hill of the Morne Dubois (= Morne Rouge) Peninsula, Département du Sud, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: CM 56804. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in only male 21 mm); dorsals acute, keeled,
flattened, imbricate, axilla to groin 31; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 31; dorsal caudal scales unknown, ventral caudal scales unknown; snout depressed, slightly decurved; snout scales oval, narrow, keeled, subimbricate; 2 postnasals; 3 internasals, the central one minute, tlte lateral ones large, rhomboidal; upper labials to mideye 3;
gular scales small, imbricate, keeled; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 60;escutcheon with broad central area and extensions onto thighs to near knee, 7 x 25. Dorsum uniform dark gray (faintly zonate) with no pattern except faint sacral figure composed of indistinct dorsolateral stripes; head with faint upper and lower postocular stripes; knee and crus with faint light marks; venter heavily stippled with gray, irregularly lineate; throat light centrally with some apparent, light spotting (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 516). 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas R. and S. B. Hedges 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Martin Garcia of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 44: 96-104. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. and A. Schwartz 1977. Three new species of Sphaerodactylus (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Hispaniola. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 46: 33-43. - get paper here
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