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Sphaerodactylus ocoae SCHWARTZ, 1977

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Ocoa Geckolet, Peravia Least Gecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus ocoae SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1977:61
Sphaerodactylus ocoae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 517
Sphaerodactylus ocoae — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus ocoae — RÖSLER 2000: 113 
DistributionHispaniola: Dominican Republic (Peravia)

Type locality: 3.0 km N Cruce de Ocoa, 214 m, Peravia Province, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 194018. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 37 mm, in females to 36 mm); dorsals small, acute, strongly keeled, flattened, imbricate, axilla to groin 27-35; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 27-38; dorsal caudal scales keeled, acute, imbricate, flat-lying, ventral caudal scales smooth, cycloid, slightly enlarged midventrally; snout acuminate, not depressed or decurved; snout scales small, narrow, flat, juxtaposed; 2 post-nasals; 0-1 (mode 1) internasal; upper labials to mideye 3-4 (mode 3); gular scales usually smooth, occasionally strongly to weakly keeled; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 45-57; escutcheon with broad, compact central area and extensions onto thighs near underside of knee, 6-8 x 18-28. No sexual dichromatism; dorsum yellow, reddish tan, brown, or black, heavily flecked with darker brown or black, flecking extending onto head; ocelli and scapular patch absent in adults but present in juveniles, ocelli diagonally elongate, extending along anterolateral borders of patch; females and juveniles with basic S. difficilis-complex head pattern, but pattern much obscured to absent in adults; throats of males heavily marked with discrete, dark brown to gray spots; venter pale yellow to grayish yellow in males, not brightly colored, yellow to yellow-gray in females, with orange wash on throat; iris yellow to golden (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 517). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas 1977. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus (Reptilia: Lacertilia, Gekkonidae) from Hispaniola. Journal of Herpetology 11 (1): 61-66 - get paper here
  • Thomas R. and S. B. Hedges 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Martin Garcia of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 44: 96-104. - get paper here
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