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Sphenomorphus bignelli SCHMIDT, 1932

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus bignelli - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymSphenomorphus bignelli SCHMIDT 1932
Sphenomorphus bignelli — MCCOY 2000 
DistributionSolomon Islands: Kolombangara, New Republic of Georgia, Vangunu, Russell Islands, Guadalcanal, Ngela, Malaita.

Type locality: Kolombangara, Solomon Islands.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 13841 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small Sphenomorphus allied to S. minutus (Meyer), from which it is distinguished by having fewer scales around the body, a more pointed snout, larger prefrontals, and a larger number of subdigital lamellae [from SCHMIDT 1932]. 
CommentThis species belongs to a new genus to be described, as it nests within the Eugongylini, fide Chapple et al. 2023. 
EtymologyNamed after Charles Robert Bignell (1892-1964), a planter at Ysabel, Solomon Islands who occasionally hosted visiting biologists, inlcuding K. P. Schmidt. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Chapple, D., Chapple, S., Smith, S., Shea, G., Brennan, I., & Sadlier, R. 2023. Phylogenetic relationships in the Eugongylini (Squamata: Scincidae): generic limits and biogeography. Australian Journal of Zoology 70(6): 165–203 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2000. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. ZooGraphics, Kuranda (Australia), CD-ROM.
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KP 1932. Reptiles and Amphibians from the Solomon Islands. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. - 18 (9): 175-190 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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