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Sphenomorphus buettikoferi (LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1905)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma Büttikoferi LIDTH DE JEUDE 1905: 193
Lygosoma (Hinulia) büttikoferi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 177
Sphenomorphus büttikoferi — MITTLEMAN 1952
Sphenomorphus büttikoferi — INGER et al. 2001
Sphenomorphus buttikoferi — MALKMUS et al. 2002
Sphenomorphus buettikoferi — DAS 2004
Sphenomorphus buttikoferi — GRISMER et al. 2009
Sphenomorphus buttikoferi — LINKEM et al. 2010 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo)

Type locality: “Mount Liang Koeboeng” [= Borneo: Liang Kubung]  
TypesSyntypes: RMNH RENA 4471, 30753-54 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening roundish, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; frontonasal much more broad than long, forming a narrow suture with the rostral; praefrontals in contact; frontal shorter than frontoparietals and interparietal together, narrowly pointed behind, in contact with two supraoculars; four supra-oculars; nine supraciliaries; frontoparietals and interparietal subequal; parietals in contact; no nuchals, parietals bordered by four scales, the anterior of which is very large. Body long, the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and one fourth in the distance between axilla and groin; 24 smooth scales round the middle, dorsals largest; praeanal scales enlarged. Tail thick, one time and one fourth to one and one fifth the length of head and body. Limbs strong, overlapping, the hind limb a little longer than the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb; fourth toe with 22 smooth lamellae below (de Rooij 1917: 175).

Coloration: Reddish-brown above, with four longitudinal series of darker
spots, two on the back and one on each side, beginning behind the eye. Lower parts lighter (de Rooij 1917: 177).

Size: Length of head and body 35 mm.; tail 40 mm (de Rooij 1917: 177).

Original detailed description in Lidth de Jeude 1905: 193. 
CommentHabitat: terrestrial.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymologynamed after Dr. J. Büttikofer, the zoologist of the Borneo expedition. 
  • Bacon, J. P. 1967. Systematic status of three scincid lizards (genus Sphenomorphus) from Borneo. Fieldiana: Zoology 51: 63-76. - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Dodd, C. Kenneth, Jr. 2014. Herpetofaunal contributions of Johann Büttikofer and Harry Johnston in Liberia. Bibliotheca Herpetologica 10 (2): 33-43 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2006. Two new species of skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 151-162.
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691: 53-66 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F.; Lian, R.F.; Lakim, M. & Yambun, P. 2001. New species of the lizard genus Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae), with notes on ecological and geographic distribution of species in Sabah, Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 49 (2): 181-189 - get paper here
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1905. Zoological results of the Dutch Scientific Expedition to Central-Borneo. The reptiles. Notes from the Leyden Museum 25 (4): 187-202. - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the Lizards of the Subfamily Lygosominae. Smithson. misc. Collns, 117: 1-35. - get paper here
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