Sphenomorphus capitolythos SHEA & MICHELS, 2009
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Sphenomorphus capitolythos?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Lygosoma [(Homolepida)] keiensis KOPSTEIN 1926: 86|
L[ygosoma]. (Sph[enomorphus].) keiensis — BRONGERSMA 1942: 156
[Sphenomorphus] keiensis — GREER & PARKER 1967: 19
Sphenomorphus keiense — SCOTT et al., 1977: 12
Sphenomorphus keiense — WHITAKER et al. 1982: 47
Sphenomorphus keiense — WELCH et al. 1990
Sphenomorphus keiense — MONK et al. 1997: 435
Sphenomorphus capitolythos SHEA & MICHELS 2008 (nom. nov.)
|Distribution||Indonesia (Maluku Tenggara, Kei Islands, Moluccas)|
Type locality: “Elat, Gross-Kei” (Kopstein 1926: 86) [= Elat (or Banda Elat) on Kai Besar, Kepulauan Kai, Maluku Tenggara Province, Indonesia (5°39’S 132°39’E)] Map legend:
- Type locality.
|Types||Holotype: RMNH 5088, an ethanol-preserved specimen of undetermined sex, collected March 1923, by Dr Felix Kopstein.|
|Comment||Diagnosis: A medium-sized species of Sphenomorphus (SVL 81 mm) with short limbs, widely separated when adpressed. The combination of grooved subdigital lamellae, a scaly lower eyelid lacking a central window, four supraoculars, third pair of chin shields medially separated by three scales but in lateral contact with the infralabials, no postsupraocular scale, and a temporal region with no fragmentation or division of the last two supralabial scales, single primary temporal scale or upper and lower secondary temporal scales, and with the upper secondary temporal overlapping the lower secondary temporal, will diff erentiate this species from all other members of the Sphenomorphus group of lygosomine skinks (Greer, 1979a) in Indonesia, the New Guinea region, and Australia [from SHEA & MICHELS 2008].|
|Etymology||The specific epithet is a noun in apposition and honours Felix Kopstein (born 4 June 1893 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary [Adler stated Austria, but at that time Austria was part of the Habsburg Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy]; died 14 April 1939 in The Hague, the Netherlands), a physician and author of the last review of the Moluccan reptilian fauna (Adler, 1989). Capitolythos is derived from caput (Latin for ‘head’) and lythos (Greek for ‘stone’), in reference to the two probable German compound words in the name Kopstein, German for head and stone respectively. This unconventional form of patronym was chosen because of the existence of Lygosoma emigrans kopsteini Brongersma (1942a). The species emigrans is presently assigned to the genus Glaphyromorphus (Greer, 1990) but the subspecies has not been re-evaluated in subsequent studies of the genus in the Lesser Sundas (Auffenberg, 1980; Greer, 1990; Aplin et al., 1993), and has only been mentioned in a listing of Brongersma’s named taxa by Hoogmoed (1995) [from SHEA & MICHELS 2008].|
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