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Sphenomorphus cranei SCHMIDT, 1932

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus cranei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCrane’s Skink 
SynonymSphenomorphus cranei SCHMIDT 1932: 182
Sphenomorphus cranei — GREER & PARKER 1974: 42
Sphenomorphus cranei — MCCOY 2000 
DistributionSolomon Islands: Bougainville, Magusaiai, New Republic of Georgia, Santa Isabel, Malaita, Guadacanal, Shortland Islands, Vella lavella, Vangunu, Isabel, Ngela.

Type locality: Santa Isabel  
ReproductionOviparous. 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 13776 
CommentDiagnosis. A Sphenomorphus with elongate snout, two series of transversely enlarged dorsal scales, relatively large ear opening, without auricular lobules; color dark brown with narrow transverse yellow bands; allied to S. maindroni (Sauvage) [from SCHMIDT 1932].

Diagnosis. This is the only member of the fasaiatus subgroup which both lacks a postorbital bone and has the sixth supralabial situated beneath the centre of the eye as the modal condition [GREER & PARKER 1974: 42]. 
Etymologynamed for Mr. Cornelius Crane, leader and patron of the Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum of Natural History. 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Greer, A. E. & F. Parker 1974. The fasciatus group of Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae): notes on eight previously described species and description of three new species. Papua New Guin. Sci. Soc. Proc. [1973] 25: 31-61.
  • Greer, A.E. & Shea, G. 2004. A new character within the taxonomically difficult Sphenomorphus group of Lygosomine skinks, with a description of a new species from New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology 38 (1): 79-87 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2000. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. ZooGraphics, Kuranda (Australia), CD-ROM.
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KP 1932. Reptiles and Amphibians from the Solomon Islands. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. - 18 (9): 175-190 - get paper here
 
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