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Sphenomorphus granulatus (BOULENGER, 1903)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma granulatum BOULENGER 1903
Lygosoma (Parotosaurus) granulatum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 167
Otosaurus granulatum — SMITH 1937: 218
Sphenomorphus granulatus — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus granulatus — LINKEM et al. 2010 
DistributionPapua New Guinea

Type locality: Albert Edward Range, 6000 feet  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.19.46 (formerly 1901.11.27.1), Albert Edward Range, British New Guinea, collected H.S. Rohu 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout very short, obtuse; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening large, oval, as large as the eye-opening, tympanum slightly sunk, no auricular lobules. Nostril in the nasal; supranasal present, very small, between the frontonasal, the nasal and the first loreal, which is single; frontonasal much more broad than long, forming a straight suture with the rostral and just touching the angle of the frontal; latter slightly longer than frontoparietals and interparietal together, narrowed posteriorly, in contact with the three anterior supraoculars; seven supraoculars, first more than twice as long as second, seventh minute; eleven supraciliaries, first largest; frontoparietals slightly longer than the interparietal; parietals in contact behind the latter; no nuchals, each parietal in contact with four scales; fourth to sixth upper labials below the eye. Body with 36 scales round the middle, dorsals larger than ventrals, laterals smallest, dorsals and laterals rough with very small granules; the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and one third in the distance between axilla and groin; praeanals enlarged. Tail one time and a half the length of head and body. Limbs strong, the hind limb reaches the axilla; digits long, compressed, fourth toe with 20 obtusely keeled lamellae below (de Rooij 1917: 167).

Coloration: Pale reddish-brown above, variegated with dark brown; flanks with large dark brown spots, forming vertical bars, below those reticulated with dark brown; a white spot above the tympanum and one above the shoulder; lips dark-spotted. Lower parts lighter; throat dark brown (de Rooij 1917: 167).

Size: Length of head and body 45 mm.; tail 72 mm (de Rooij 1917: 167). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1903. Descriptions of new reptiles from British New Guinea. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1: 125-129 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. & Parker,F. 1967. A new scincid lizard from the northern Solomon Islands. Breviora (275): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Whitaker, R.; Whitaker,Z. & Mills,D. 1982. Reptiles of Papua New Guinea. Wildlife in New Guinea (82/2): 1-53
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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