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Sphenomorphus jobiensis (MEYER, 1874)

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus jobiensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) jobiense MEYER 1874
Eumeces aruensis DORIA 1874
Hinulia megaspila GÜNTHER 1877: 128
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) megaspila megaspila — LOVERIDGE 1948: 345
Lygosoma rufum BOULENGER 1887: 239
Lygosoma jobiense — BOULENGER 1895: 29
Lygosoma (Hinulia) rufum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 177
Lygosoma jobiense — DE ROOIJ 1915: 195
Lygosoma jobiense elegans STERNFELD 1918
Lygosoma amblyplacodes VOGT 1932: 283
Otosaurus amblyplacodes — SMITH 1937: 218
Otosaurus jobiense — SMITH 1937: 218
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) rufum — SMITH 1937: 220
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) aruensis — LOVERIDGE 1948
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) rufum — LOVERIDGE 1948: 317
Sphenomorphus amblyplacodes — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus jobiensis — ZWEIFEL 1980: 420
Sphenomorphus jobiensis — MYS 1988: 143
Sphenomorphus variegatus jobiense
Sphenomorphus jobiensis — AUSTIN 1995
Sphenomorphus jobiense — LINKEM et al. 2010
Sphenomorphus amblyplacodes — LINKEM et al. 2010 
DistributionPapua New Guinea, Admirality Islands, Bismarck Archipelago,
Indonesia (Misool, Salawati, Aru Islands, Irian Jaya and Yapen)

elegans: Type locality: “Ross-Insel, Neu-Pommern”

amblyplacodes: Indonesia (Irian Jaya), New Guinea; Type locality: New Guinea Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 8985
Syntypes: ZMB 7939, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova no. 27901 [aruensis]
Lectotypus: SMF 14482 (=Kat. MERTENS 6247, la). female [elegans]
Syntypes: ZMB 26462, 64292 (formerly part of ZMB 26462); Holl. Neu-Guinea l= Papua Propinsi, Indoncsia'l; con. Dr. Moszkowski [amblyplacodes] 
CommentHabitat: forest floor.

Synonymy: Eumeces aruensis was synonymized with S. jobiensis by BOULENGER 1887 which was confirmed by ZWEIFEL 1980. Hinulia megaspila Günther was placed in the synonymy of jobiense Meyer by Boulenger (1887:247) which Loveridge 1948 regards as a very different reptile; hence the status of H megaspila remains unclear here and is placed in the synonymy of S. jobiense only preliminarily. S. rufus most likely is a valid species fide Glenn Shea (pers. comm., 2 Oct 2014). Lygosoma amblyplacodes is a synonym of S. jobiense fide G. Shea, pers. comm. via Shei Meiri, 5 Aug 2014. 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Austin C C 1995. Molecular and morphological evolution in South Pacific scincid lizards: morphological conservatism and phylogenetic relationships of Papuan Lipinia (Scincidae). Herpetologica 51 (3): 291-300 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • De JONG,J.K. 1927. Reptiles from Dutch New Guinea. Nova Guinea 15 (3): 296-318
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Donnellan S C; Aplin K P 1989. Resolution of cryptic species in the New Guinea lizard, Sphenomorphus jobiensis (Scincidae) by electrophoresis. Copeia 1989 (1): 81-88 - get paper here
  • Doria, G. 1875. Enumerazione dei rettili raccolti dal Dott. O. Beccari in Amboina alle Isole Aru ed alle Isole Kei durante gli anni 1872-73. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova 6: 325-357 [1874] - get paper here
  • Fitch, Henry S. 1981. Sexual size differences in Reptiles. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 70: 1-72 - get paper here
  • Greer A E 1982. A new species of Geomyersia (Scincidae) from the Admirality Islands, with a summary of the genus. Journal of Herpetology 16 (1): 61-66 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. & Parker,F. 1967. A new scincid lizard from the northern Solomon Islands. Breviora (275): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Inger,R.F. 1961. Notes on two New Guinean lizards of the genus Sphenomorphus. Fieldiana: Zoology 39: 539-542 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • Meyer, A.B. 1874. [Eine Mittheilung von Hrn. Dr. Adolf Meyer] über die von ihm auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 - get paper here
  • Van Lidth de Jeude, T.W. 1897. Reptiles and batrachians from New Guinea. Notes from the Leyden Museum 18: 249-257 - get paper here
  • Vogt,T. 1932. Beitrag zur Reptilienfauna der ehemaligen Kolonie Deutsch-Neuguinea. Sitzungsber. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 5-7: 281-294
  • Zweifel R G 1980. Results of the Archbold Expeditions, No. 103. Frogs and lizards from the Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 165 (5) : 390-434
 
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