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Sphenomorphus jobiensis (MEYER, 1874)

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus jobiensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) jobiense MEYER 1874
Eumeces aruensis DORIA 1874
Hinulia megaspila GÜNTHER 1877: 128
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) megaspila megaspila — LOVERIDGE 1948: 345
Lygosoma jobiense — BOULENGER 1895: 29
Lygosoma jobiense — DE ROOIJ 1915: 195
Lygosoma jobiense elegans STERNFELD 1918
Lygosoma amblyplacodes VOGT 1932: 283
Otosaurus amblyplacodes — SMITH 1937: 218
Otosaurus jobiense — SMITH 1937: 218
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) aruensis — LOVERIDGE 1948
Sphenomorphus amblyplacodes — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus jobiensis — ZWEIFEL 1980: 420
Sphenomorphus jobiensis — MYS 1988: 143
Sphenomorphus variegatus jobiense
Sphenomorphus jobiensis — AUSTIN 1995
Sphenomorphus jobiense — LINKEM et al. 2010
Sphenomorphus amblyplacodes — LINKEM et al. 2010 
DistributionPapua New Guinea, Admirality Islands, Bismarck Archipelago,
Indonesia (Misool, Salawati, Aru Islands, Irian Jaya and Yapen)

elegans: Type locality: “Ross-Insel, Neu-Pommern”

amblyplacodes: Indonesia (Irian Jaya), New Guinea; Type locality: New Guinea  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 8985. Designation by Wermuth in Inger (1961); see Bauer et al. (2003).
Syntypes: ZMB 7939, MSNG 27901 [aruensis]
Lectotypus: SMF 14482 (=Kat. MERTENS 6247, la). female [elegans]
Syntypes: ZMB 26462, 64292 (formerly part of ZMB 26462); Holl. Neu-Guinea l= Papua Propinsi, Indoncsia'l; con. Dr. Moszkowski [amblyplacodes] 
CommentHabitat: forest floor.

Synonymy: Eumeces aruensis was synonymized with S. jobiensis by BOULENGER 1887 which was confirmed by ZWEIFEL 1980. Hinulia megaspila Günther was placed in the synonymy of jobiense Meyer by Boulenger (1887:247) which Loveridge 1948 regards as a very different reptile; hence the status of H megaspila remains unclear here and is placed in the synonymy of S. jobiense only preliminarily. Lygosoma rufum BOULENGER 1887 has been removed from the synonymy of S. jobiensis. Lygosoma amblyplacodes is a synonym of S. jobiense fide G. Shea, pers. comm. via Shei Meiri, 5 Aug 2014.
Recognition of aruensis for the purposes of the IUCN listing was based on unpublished work by Shea and Greer, who were able to link the name aruensis to one of the entities identified as specifically distinct on allozyme electrophoresis by Donnellan & Aplin (1989) [the other species identified by D&A are unnamed] (Glenn Shea and David Chapple, pers. comm. 11 March 2019). 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Austin C C 1995. Molecular and morphological evolution in South Pacific scincid lizards: morphological conservatism and phylogenetic relationships of Papuan Lipinia (Scincidae). Herpetologica 51 (3): 291-300 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Capocaccia, L. 1961. Catalogo dei tipi di Rettili del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova [MSNG]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria 72: 86-111
  • De JONG,J.K. 1927. Reptiles from Dutch New Guinea. Nova Guinea 15 (3): 296-318
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Donnellan S C; Aplin K P 1989. Resolution of cryptic species in the New Guinea lizard, Sphenomorphus jobiensis (Scincidae) by electrophoresis. Copeia 1989 (1): 81-88 - get paper here
  • Doria, G. 1875. Enumerazione dei rettili raccolti dal Dott. O. Beccari in Amboina alle Isole Aru ed alle Isole Kei durante gli anni 1872-73. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova 6: 325-357 [1874] - get paper here
  • Fitch, Henry S. 1981. Sexual size differences in Reptiles. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 70: 1-72 - get paper here
  • Greer A E 1982. A new species of Geomyersia (Scincidae) from the Admirality Islands, with a summary of the genus. Journal of Herpetology 16 (1): 61-66 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. & Parker,F. 1967. A new scincid lizard from the northern Solomon Islands. Breviora (275): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Hediger, H. 1934. Beitrag zur Herpetologie und Zoogeographie Neu-Britanniens und einiger umliegender Gebiete. Zool. Jahrb. (Syst.) 65: 441-582
  • Inger,R.F. 1961. Notes on two New Guinean lizards of the genus Sphenomorphus. Fieldiana: Zoology 39: 539-542 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • Meyer, A.B. 1874. Übersicht über die von mir auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 - get paper here
  • Van Lidth de Jeude, T.W. 1897. Reptiles and batrachians from New Guinea. Notes from the Leyden Museum 18: 249-257 - get paper here
  • Vogt,T. 1932. Beitrag zur Reptilienfauna der ehemaligen Kolonie Deutsch-Neuguinea. Sitzungsber. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 5-7: 281-294
  • Zweifel R G 1980. Results of the Archbold Expeditions, No. 103. Frogs and lizards from the Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 165 (5) : 390-434
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