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Sphenomorphus rufus (BOULENGER, 1887)

IUCN Red List - Sphenomorphus rufus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma rufum BOULENGER 1887: 239
Lygosoma (Hinulia) rufum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 177
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) rufum — SMITH 1937: 220
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) rufum — LOVERIDGE 1948: 317
Sphenomorphus rufus — TALLOWIN, SHEA & ALLISON 2015 
DistributionIndonesia (Maluku)

Type locality: “Aru Island, Papuasia”  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.16.92 (formerly 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short, obtuse; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening oval, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; frontonasal more broad than long, in contact with the rostral; praefrontals meeting with the inner angles; frontal almost as long as frontoparietals and interparietal together, in contact with the two anterior supraoculars; four supraoculars, followed by a very small one; nine or ten supraciliaries; frontoparietals longer than interparietal; parietals in contact; no nuchals; fifth upper labial below the eye. Body with 32 smooth scales round the middle, the two vertebral series enlarged, laterals smallest; the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and two fifths in that between axilla and groin; praeanals enlarged. Limbs strong, slightly overlapping when adpressed; digits short, compressed, fourth toe with 20 smooth, divided lamellae below (de Rooij 1917: 177).

Coloration: Reddish-brown above, variegated with darker and lighter
tints. Lower parts brownish-white (de Rooij 1917: 177).

Size: Length of head and body 60mm; tail (reproduced) 48 mm (de Rooij 1917: 177). 
CommentSynonymy: Lygosoma rufum has been considered as synonym of Sphenomorphus jobiensis. 
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Tallowin, O., Shea, G. & Allison, A. 2015. Sphenomorphus rufus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T42485621A42485624 - get paper here
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