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Sphenomorphus solomonis (BOULENGER, 1887)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma solomonis BOULENGER 1887: 510
Lygosoma (Homolepida) brevipes BOETTGER 1895 (fide GREER & PARKER 1974)
Lygosoma schoedei VOGT 1912
Lygosoma moszkowskii VOGT 1912: 357
Lygosoma (Homolepida) eremita WERNER 1913: 20 (?, HALLERMANN, pers. comm.)
Lygosoma schoedei — DE ROOIJ 1915: 225
Lygosoma moszkowskii — DE ROOIJ 1915: 187
Lygosoma (Lygosoma) solomonis — STERNFELD 1918: 419
Lygosoma (Ictiscincus) solomonis — SMITH 1937: 222
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) brevipes — BRONGERSMA 1948: 490
Lygosoma solomonis schodei — DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966: 132
Sphenomorphus moszkowskii — GREER & PARKER 1967
Sphenomorphus solomonis — MYS 1988: 145
Sphenomorphus solomonis — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Sphenomorphus brevipes — SETIADI & HAMIDY 2006
Sphenomorphus moskowskii [sic] — WWW 2008 
DistributionAdmirality Islands, northern Moluccas, Solomon Islands, New Guinea (fide SMITH 1937), Bismarck Archipelago

schoedei: Type locality: Valise [Walis Island, Province East Sepik, Papua New Guinea.

brevipes: Halmahera; Morotai; Type locality: Soa Konorra, Halmaheira, Molukken. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionOviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.37
Lectotypus: SMF 15473 [Lygosoma brevipes]
Syntypes: MCZ R-37206, MWNH 3090 [schoedei]
Holotype: ZMB 22606 [moszkowskii] 
CommentSynonymy: mostly after GREER & PARKER 1974: 56 who also state that “the type of Lygosoma moszkowski Vogt 1912 is a small New Guinea solomonis with light snout coloration.”

Types: The type of Lygosoma (Homolepida) eremita WERNER 1913 has been lost, hence it is impossible to determine its identity with certainty.

Description (moszkowskii): Snout obtuse; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening almost as large as the eye, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; one anterior loreal; frontonasal as broad as long, in contact with the rostral and with the frontal; latter as long as the frontoparietals; five supraoculars; seven supraciliaries; frontoparietals a little longer than the interparietal; parietals in contact; a pair of small nuchals and a pair of temporals; fifth and sixth upper labials largest, below the eye. Body slender, covered with 28 smooth scales, the two vertebral series largest; praeanals enlarged. Tail one time and a half the length of head and body. Limbs not meeting when adpressed; digits moderate, fourth toe with 18 lamellae below. Blackish-brown above, snout yellowish; lower labials with vertical stripes. Lower parts yellowish. Length of head and body 31 mm.; tail 45 mm (text from DE ROOIJ 1915 but quoted to be after VOGT 1912). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. Lygosoma moszkowskii was named after Dr. Moszkowski. 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Boettger,O. 1895. Liste der Amphibien und Batrachier des Insel Halmaheira nach den Sammlungen Prof. Dr. W. Kükenthal's. Zool. Anz. 18: 116-121, 129-138 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1948. Lizards from the island of Morotai (Moluccas). Proc. Koninkl. Ned. Akad. Wet. Ser. C. 51: 486-495
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Greer A E 1982. A new species of Geomyersia (Scincidae) from the Admirality Islands, with a summary of the genus. Journal of Herpetology 16 (1): 61-66 - get paper here
  • Greer, A. E. & F. Parker 1974. The fasciatus group of Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae): notes on eight previously described species and description of three new species. Papua New Guin. Sci. Soc. Proc. [1973] 25: 31-61.
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Mys, Benoit 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 58: 127-183
  • Schmidt, KP 1932. Reptiles and Amphibians from the Solomon Islands. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. - 18 (9): 175-190 - get paper here
  • Setiadi, M. I. & A. Hamidy, 2006. Jenis-Jenis Herpetofauna di Pulau Halmahera. Kerjasama antara Pusat Studi Biodiversitas dan Konservasi Universitas Indonesia dan Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Puslit Biologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 - get paper here
  • Vogt, T. 1912. Reptilien und Amphibien aus Holländisch-Neu-Guinea. Sitz. Ber. Ges. natf. Freunde 1912: 355-359
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
 
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