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Sphenomorphus tanahtinggi INGER, LIAN, LAKIM & YAMBUN, 2001

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymSphenomorphus tanahtinggi INGER, LIAN, LAKIM & YAMBUN 2001
Sphenomorphus tanahtinggi — LINKEM et al. 2010 
DistributionMalaysia (Sabah, Borneo)

Type locality: Mt Lumaku (1180 m) (4° 52’ N, 115° 38’ E), Sipitang District, Sabah, Malaysia.  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 239855 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized Sphenomorphus having five supraoculars , 3 small superimposed anterior loreal scales, prefrontals narrowly in contact or separated; 40-42 scale rows at mid-body, limbs overlapping widely (Inger et al. 2001: 185).

Comparisons. Sphenomorphus tanahtinggi resembles seven Bornean species in having the anterior loreal divided into several superimposed small scales, although S. tanahtinggi differs from all seven in having three rather than two anterior loreals.The number of scale rows in tanahtinggi (40-42) distinguishes it from S. kinabaluensis (33-37), S. murudensis (30), and S. maculicollus (35-36). All four specimens of S. tanahtinggi (including the juvenile) have five supraoculars,whereas all S. sabanus, S. cyanolaemus, S. multisquamatus, and S.haasi have six and S. maculicollus has six or seven. The number of supraoculars and scale rows separate S. tanahtinggi from all the species of Sphenomorphus listed in Table 2 (Inger et al. 2001: 186).
CommentHabitat: terrestrial. 
EtymologyNamed after Malay “tanah” = land and Malay “tinggi” = high. 
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2006. Two new species of skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 151-162.
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691: 53-66 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F.; Lian, R.F.; Lakim, M. & Yambun, P. 2001. New species of the lizard genus Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae), with notes on ecological and geographic distribution of species in Sabah, Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 49 (2): 181-189 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
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