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Spondylurus culebrae HEDGES & CONN, 2012

IUCN Red List - Spondylurus culebrae - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCulebra Skink 
SynonymSpondylurus culebrae HEDGES & CONN 2012: 149
Mabuya sloanii — STEJNEGER, 1904:608 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — BARBOUR, 1914:320 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — SCHMIDT, 1928:121 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — BARBOUR, 1930:105 (part)
Mabuya semitaeniatus — GRANT, 1931:217 (part)
Mabuya semitaeniatus — GRANT, 1932a:162 (part)
Mabuya mabouia — BARBOUR, 1935:129 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanii — DUNN, 1936:544 (part)
Mabuya mabouia — BARBOUR, 1937:147 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — GRANT, 1937:504 (part).
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS, 1975:141 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — MACLEAN et al., 1977:29 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloani — RIVERO, 1978:71 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — HEATWOLE et al., 1981:34 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON, 1988:151 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON, 1991:457 (part)
Mabuya bistriata — POWELL et al., 1996:82 (part).
Mabuya mabouya sloani — RIVERO, 1998:394 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — MAYER & LAZELL, 2000:883 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — MIRALLES, 2005: 49 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009:293 (part) 
DistributionPuerto Rico (Culebra, Culebrita)

Type locality: Culebra, Puerto Rico  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 73823, an adult male, collected April 1932 on Culebra, Puerto Rico, United States (no specific locality within Culebra) by Chapman Grant.
Paratypes (n = 49). Culebra, Puerto Rico. AMNH R-14005–06, K. P. Schmidt & B. A. Wall, no specific locality, 5 October 1919; UMMZ 73819–20, UMMZ 73822–23, UMMZ 73826, UMMZ 239548–80 and 239582– 89, C. Grant, no specific locality, February–April, 1932. USNM 576302, no specific locality, R. Thomas. Culebrita, Puerto Rico. UMMZ 80786, C. Grant, no specific locality, August, 1936. 
CommentSynonymy: Pinto-Sánchez et al. 2015 synonymized culebrae, macleani, and monitae with Spondylurus sloani.

Conservation status: endangered (Adkins-Giese et al. 2014). 
EtymologyThe species name (culebrae) is a feminine genitive singular noun referring to the distribution of the species on the island of Culebra. 
References
  • Adkins-Giese, C.L., Curry, T., Platenberg, R. 2014. PETITION TO LIST NINE SPECIES OF CARIBBEAN SKINKS AS ENDANGERED UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT. CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, 61 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Pinto-Sánchez, Nelsy Rocío; Martha L. Calderón-Espinosa, Aurelien Miralles, Andrew J. Crawford, Martha Patricia Ramírez-Pinilla 2015. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Neotropical skink genus Mabuya Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) with emphasis on Colombian populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.07.016 - get paper here
 
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