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Spondylurus fulgidus COPE, 1862

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesJamaican Skink 
SynonymSpondylurus fulgidus COPE 1862: 186
Lacerta mabouya — SHAW 1802: 287 (part)
Scincus sloanii — DAUDIN 1803: 287 (part)
Scincus sloanei — FITZINGER 1826: 23 (part)
Tiliqua sloanii — GRAY 1831: 70 (part)
Tiliqua sloanii — GRAY 1838: 293 (part)
Eumeces sloanii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 639 (part)
Mabouya sloanei — GRAY 1845: 94
Mabouya agilis — GOSSE 1849: 307 (part)
Mabouya agilis — GROSSE 1851: 75 (part)
Mabuia fulgida — COPE 1862: 185
Euprepes spilonotus — PETERS 1864: 50 (part)
Eupr[epes] spilonotus — PETERS 1871: 400
Euprepes (Mabuia) spilonotus — PETERS 1876: 708 (part)
Mabuya fulgida — BOCOURT 1879: 403
Mabuia sloanii — BOULENGER 1887: 193 (part)
Mabuia sloanii — GARMAN 1887
M[abuya] spilonotus — STEJNEGER 1904: 609
Mabuia sloanii — BARBOUR 1910: 299 (part)
Mabuya spilonota — BARBOUR 1914: 320
Mabuya spilonota — BARBOUR 1930: 105
Mabuya mabouya sloanii — DUNN 1936: 544 (part)
Mabuya mabouia — BARBOUR 1937: 147 (part)
Mabuya spilonotus — GRANT 1940: 111.
Mabuya spilonotus — MURRAY 1949: 128
Mabuya spilonota — COCHRAN 1961: 126
Mabuya spilonota — HORTON 1973: 85
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975: 141 (part)
Mabuya mabouya mabouya — MACLEAN et al. 1977:6 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 151 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 457 (part)
Mabuya bistriata — POWELL et al. 1996: 82 (part).
Mabuya sloanii — MAYER & LAZELL 2000: 883 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — MIRALLES 2005: 49 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009: 293 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — WILSON 2011
Spondylurus fulgidus — HEDGES & CONN 2012: 154 
DistributionJamaica

Type locality: Jamaica  
Reproduction 
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 9404-09 (6)
lectotype: USNM 5759 collected on Jamaica, no specific locality, by Charles Baker Adams in 1844–49, designated by HEDGES & CONN 2012. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Spondylurus fulgidus is characterized by (1) maximum SVL in males, 77.0 mm; (2) maximum SVL in females, 84.8 mm; (3) snout width, 2.21–3.73% SVL; (4) head length, 16.3–20.9% SVL; (5) head width, 11.0– 14.1% SVL; (6) ear length, 1.46–2.83% SVL; (7) toe-IV length, 9.07–12.9% SVL; (8) prefrontals, two; (9) supraoculars, four; (10) supraciliaries, five; (11) frontoparietals, two; (12) supralabial below the eye, five (25%), six (67%), seven (8%); (13) nuchal rows, two (68%), three (32%); (14) dorsals, 52–58; (15) ventrals, 55–65; (16) dorsals + ventrals, 108–120; (17) midbody scale rows, 28–32; (18) finger-IV lamellae, 12–16; (19) toe-IV lamellae, 14–19; (20) finger-IV + toe-IV lamellae, 27–35; (21) supranasal contact, N; (22) prefrontal contact, Y (52%), N (48%); (23) supraocular-1/frontal contact, Y (48%), N (52%); (24) parietal contact, Y; (25) pale middorsal stripe, Y; (26) dark dorsolateral stripe, Y; (27) dark lateral stripe, Y; (28) pale lateral stripe, Y; and (29) palms and soles, dark (Tables 3–5).
Within the Genus Spondylurus, S. fulgidus is separated from S. caicosae sp. nov., S. haitiae sp. nov., S. lineolatus, S. magnacruzae sp. nov., S. martinae sp. nov., S. powelli sp. nov., S. semitaeniatus, S. sloanii, and S. spilonotus by having a higher number of supraciliaries (five versus 3–4 in those other species). It differs from S. culebrae sp. nov., S. haitiae sp. nov., S. macleani, S. martinae sp. nov., S. monitae sp. nov., S. powelli sp. nov., and S. spilonotus by having a lower number of combined dorsals and ventrals (108–120 versus 121–134 in those other species). From S. anegadae sp. nov., S. culebrae sp. nov., S. monae sp. nov., S. monitae sp. nov., S. semitaeniatus, and S. sloanii, it is distinguished by having a lower dark dorsolateral stripe width/middorsal stripe width ratio (0.115–0.759 versus 0.874–3.79 in those other species). It is separated from S. haitiae sp. nov. and S. lineolatus by having a longer head (16.3–20.9% SVL versus 12.9–15.8% SVL in those other species). It differs from S. magnacruzae sp. nov. and S. spilonotus by having a lower number of midbody scale rows (28–32 versus 34 in those other species). It differs from S. caicosae sp. nov. and S. macleani by having solid dark lateral stripes and pale lateral stripes continuous to the hindlimbs (versus dark lateral stripes with paler spots and irregular pale lateral stripes that are discontinuous or absent at the hindlimbs in S. caicosae sp. nov. and no lateral stripes in S. macleani; Fig. 55B, D, G). It differs from S. turksae sp. nov. in having fewer dorsals (52–58 versus 59–63) and longer toes (toe-IV length 9.07–12.9% SVL versus 7.05–8.90% SVL). It is separated from S. anegadae sp. nov., S. culebrae sp. nov., S. monae sp. nov., and S. nitidus by having a higher number of supraciliaries (five versus 3–4 in 93–95% of specimens belonging to those other species) [HEDGES & CONN 2012]. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe etymology was not provided in the original description. However, the species name (fulgidus) is a Latin feminine singular adjective meaning shining or brilliant, likely referring to the dorsal coloration of this species, described as "metallic" and "cupreous" (Cope 1862). 
References
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