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Spondylurus semitaeniatus (WIEGMANN, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Spondylurus semitaeniatus - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLesser Virgin Islands Skink 
SynonymEuprepes semitaeniatus WIEGMANN 1837:135
Gongylus (Eumeces) agilis — REINHARDT & LUETKEN, 1863:229 (part)
Euprepes semitaeniatus — PETERS 1864:50
E[uprepes] semitaeniatus — PETERS 1871:400 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — BOCOURT 1879:401 (part)
Mabuia sloanii — BOULENGER 1887:193 (part).
Mabuya semitaeniata — STEJNEGER 1904:610 (claimed as distinct species)
Mabuya sloanii — BARBOUR 1914:320 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — SCHMIDT 1928:121 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — BARBOUR 1930:105 (part)
Mabuya semitaeniatus — GRANT 1931:218
Mabuya mabouia — BARBOUR 1935:129 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanii — DUNN 1936:544 (part.)
Mabuya mabouia — BARBOUR 1937:147 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975:141 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — MACLEAN et al. 1977:30–35 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — HEATWOLE et al. 1981:34 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988:151 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991:457 (part)
Mabuya bistriata — POWELL et al. 1996:82 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — MAYER & LAZELL 2000:883 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — MIRALLES 2005:49 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009:293 (part)
Spondylurus semitaeniatus — HEDGES & CONN 2012: 194 
DistributionUS and British Virgin Islands (incl. St. Thomas, Capella, Little Buck); British Virgin Islands (Fallen Jerusalem Ginger Island, Great Camanoe Island, Guana Island, Little Thatch Island, Mosquito Island, Necker Island, Round Rock, Salt Island, Tortola, Virgin Gorda)

Type locality: "America"  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 1238, from "America," ex. coll. Marcus Elieser Bloch (see HEDGES & CONN 2012); holotype clarified as ZMB 1238, same specimen as examined by Schneider (1801:181), for syntype of Scincus auratus; originally from collection of Bloch). ZMB 5290 has been erroneously listed as type by several authors. 
CommentSynonymy: after HEDGES & CONN 2012 who revived this species from synonymy. For instance, Dunn, 1936:544 and Schwartz & Thomas, 1975:141 placed Euprepes semitaeniatus in the synonymy of Mabuya mabouya sloanii.

Distribution: erroneously reported from Culebra and Mona.

Conservation status: endangered (Adkins-Giese et al. 2014). 
EtymologyNot provided in the original description. However, the species name (semitaeniatus) is a feminine singular adjective derived from the Latin semi (half) and taenia (ribbon, stripe), hence half-striped, referring quite accurately to the dorsal pattern of this species, although such a pattern is shared with most other species in the Genus Spondylurus. 
References
  • Adkins-Giese, C.L., Curry, T., Platenberg, R. 2014. PETITION TO LIST NINE SPECIES OF CARIBBEAN SKINKS AS ENDANGERED UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT. CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, 61 pp. - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1931. Reestablishment of a scincid lost since 1837. J. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 15 (3): 217-218
  • Grant, C. 1932. Herpetological notes from the Puerto Rico area. J. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 16 (1): 161-165
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann, A. F. A. 1837. Herpetologische Notizen. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 3: 123-136 - get paper here
 
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