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Spondylurus sloanii (DAUDIN, 1803)

IUCN Red List - Spondylurus sloanii - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVirgin Islands Bronze Skink 
SynonymScincus sloanii DAUDIN 1803: 287
Scincus sloanei — MERREM, 1820:70
Spondylurus sloanei — FITZINGER 1826:23
Tiliqua sloanii — GRAY, 1831:70
Scincus richardi — COCTEAU 1837
Tiliqua richardi — GRAY, 1838:292
Tiliqua sloanii — GRAY, 1838:293
Eumeces sloanii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839:639
Mabouya sloanei — GRAY, 1845:94
Mabuia cuprescens — COPE, 1862:186
E[uprepes] semitaeniatus — PETERS, 1871:400 (part).
Mabuya sloanii — BOCOURT, 1879:401 (part)
Mabuia sloanii — GARMAN, 1887
Mabuia nitida — GARMAN, 1887:51 (part)
Mabuia sloanii — BOULENGER, 1887:193 (part)
Mabuia sloanii — MEERWARTH, 1901:37
Mabuya sloanii — STEJNEGER, 1904:608 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — BARBOUR, 1914:320 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — SCHMIDT, 1928:121 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — BARBOUR, 1930:105 (part)
Mabuya mabouia — BARBOUR, 1935:129 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanii — DUNN, 1936:544 (part)
Mabuya mabouia — BARBOUR, 1937:147 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — GRANT 1937:517 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS, 1975:141 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — MACLEAN et al., 1977:30–34 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — HEATWOLE et al., 1981:34 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanii — BRYGOO, 1985:101 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON, 1988:151 (part)
Mabuya mabouya sloanei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON, 1991:457 (part)
Mabuya bistriata — POWELL et al., 1996:82 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — MAYER & LAZELL, 2000:883 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — MIRALLES, 2005:49 (part)
Mabuya sloanii — HENDERSON & POWELL, 2009:293 (part)
Spondylurus sloanii — HEDGES & CONN 2012: 201 
DistributionBritish Virgin Islands (Little Tobago, Norman Island, Peter Island, and Salt Island); U.S. Virgin Islands (St. Thomas and its islets of Capella Island, Little Buck Island, Little Saba Island, and Water Island)

Type locality: not given; Duméril & Bibron, 1839:639 restricted the type locality to “Saint-Thomas”.

cuprescens: St. Thomas  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 554
Duméril & Bibron, 1839:639 redescribed the holotype of Scincus sloanii Daudin, collected by "Richard père" = Louis Claude Richard, probably in 1781–89
Holotype of cuprescens apparently lost 
CommentSynonymy: after HEDGES & CONN 2012: 201. Cocteau, 1837 was mentioned in Gray [1839:292] and in Duméril and Bibron [1839:639] but only two brief extracts were published by Cocteau [1837a,b]; apparently the full manuscript, with names, was never published. See also discussion in HEDGES & CONN 2012: 206. Pinto-Sánchez et al. 2015 synonymized culebrae, macleani, and monitae with Spondylurus sloani.

Distribution: erroneously reported from Jamaica (Garman, 1887; following Gray 1845).

Conservation status: endangered (Adkins-Giese et al. 2014).

Type species: Scincus sloanii DAUDIN 1803: 287 is the type species of the genus Spondylurus FITZINGER 1826. 
EtymologyThe species (sloanii) was named in honor of Sir Hans Sloane (1660–1753), a British physician who studied the natural history of the West Indies, describing a skink from Jamaica which Daudin (1803) believed to be the same species as the specimen he described from St. Thomas. 
References
  • Adkins-Giese, C.L., Curry, T., Platenberg, R. 2014. PETITION TO LIST NINE SPECIES OF CARIBBEAN SKINKS AS ENDANGERED UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT. CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, 61 pp. - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1935. A second list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Zoologica 19 (3): 77-141 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1914. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the West Indies, with Especial Reference to Amphibians and Reptiles. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (2): 205-359 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. A list of Antillean Reptiles and Amphibians. Zoologica 11 (4): 61-116 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Barbour,T. and B. Shreve 1937. Novitates Cubanae. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 80: 377-387 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1879. Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale, Recherches zoologiques. Part 2, sect. 1; In A Imprimerie Impériale, Paris [3, Pt. 6], pp. 360–440. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Cocteau, J.-T. and G. Bibron 1838. Reptiles, in R. de la Sagra. Historia Física, Política y Natural de la Isla de Cuba, Tomo IV. Arthus Bertrand, Paris, 142 pp. [1838-1843 - index on page 143] - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Dunn, Emmett Reid 1935. Notes on American Mabuyas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 87: 533-560 - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1826. Neue Classification der Reptilien nach ihren natürlichen Verwandtschaften nebst einer Verwandschafts-Tafel und einem Verzeichnisse der Reptilien-Sammlung des K. K. Zoologischen Museums zu Wien. J. G. Heubner, Wien, 66 pp. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian Reptiles. Scincidae. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 51-53
  • Grant, C. 1937. Herpetological notes with new species from the American and British Virgin Islands, 1936. Jour. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 21:503-522.
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Mayer,G.C. & Lazell,J. 2000. A new species of Mabuya (Sauria: Scincidae) from the British Virgin Islands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 113 (4): 871-886 - get paper here
  • Miralles, A. 2005. The identity of Lacertus mabouya LACÉPÈDE 1788, with description of a neotype: an approach toward the taxonomy of new world Mabuya. Herpetologica 61 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Pinto-Sánchez, Nelsy Rocío; Martha L. Calderón-Espinosa, Aurelien Miralles, Andrew J. Crawford, Martha Patricia Ramírez-Pinilla 2015. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Neotropical skink genus Mabuya Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) with emphasis on Colombian populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.07.016 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
 
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